True/False: Campylobacter has flagella
*usually has bipolar flagella
What is the main source of infection of Campylobacter?
Camplyobacter has a ___ appearance
Where does Camplyobacter cause disease?
What two species of Campylobacter are the leading causes of food borne bacterial
gastoenteritis in humans?
What species of Campylobacter has Lip-oligosaccharides?
This virulence factor for Camplyobacter is essential for motility an intestinal colonization
What toxin does Campylobacter have that causes apoptosis of host cells?
Cytolethal distending toxin
What type of secretion system does Campylobacter use?
Type 2 and 4
Where are you likely to find Campylobacter fetus ssp. venerealis?
preputial crypts of carrier bulls
Where are you likely to find Campylobacter Fetus ssp. fetus?
intestinal tract and gall bladder
*mainly affects sheep and goats
Campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus is a reproductive disease but is typically trasmitted via which route?
How is Campylobacter Fetus ssp. verealis transmitted?
What is the main way that humans get Campylobacter?
ingestion of undercookes poultry
Which species of Campylobacter causes inflammatino of the uterus and can lead to abortions in cattle?
Campylobacter Fetus subsp. venerealis
True/False: Campylobacter leads to serious economic consequences in the cattle industry due to reproductive disease
Is Campylobacter fetus. spp. venerealis a reportable disease?
*bovine genital campylobaceriosis
causes abortion and damage to the uterus
What species of campylobacter can lead to abortion storms in sheep and goats?
C. fetus spp. fetus
True/False: In campylobacter abortion in sheep and goats, the fluids and tissues involved in abortion are not infectious
What lesions are considered pathoneumonic for Camplyobacter jejuni or fetus spp. fetus in aborted sheep and goats?
donut shaped lesions in the liver of the fetus after abortion
Which species of Campylobacter causes enteric disease?
Which species of campylobacter is the most frequent cause of food poisoning in many countries and causes diarrhea due to the intake of undercooked poultry meat?
True/False: Campylobacter lives inside macrophages
*it avoids phagocytosis via type 4 Secretion system
What is the source of infection for C. jejuni in enteric disease?
feces from infected animals
True/False: The ceca of 50% of chickens contains C. jejuni
True/False: Immune response is successful in clearing Campylobacter infection of the reproductive tract in cattle
What are the best samples for diagnosis of Campylobacter?
Cattle- preputial scrappings of bulls
Sheep- aborted fetuses
enteric disease- fecal sample
What media can be used to diagnose Campylobacter enteric disease?
*lysed horse blood
True/False: Vaccination works with reproductive disease in cattle due to campylobacter
*vaccination works in reproductive disease in cattle!
How can you differentiate Arcobacter from Camplyobacter?
Arcobacter will grow at lower temperatures than 37 degrees and Campylobacter will not