Flashcards in Dr. Roecker's Rapid Review - Cardiovascular Pathology Deck (72)
What is the name for plaques?
What is hardening of the arteries called?
What cause hardening of the arteries?
Atherosclerosis has the greatest impact on which arteries?
Atherosclerosis ______ lumen.
Atherosclerosis increases what?
Atherosclerosis commonly follows what?
Damage to the endothelium (HTN)
Atheromas are filled with what? 3
Necrotic cellular debris,
Cholesterol esters (lipids)
Atheromas are covered by what?
A fibrous cap
Atheromas may ______ and cause _____.
What is a common cause of MI?
When atheromas rupture and cause a massive thrombosis.
95% of hypertension cases are __________.
What is "essential hypertension"?
Idiopathic, familial history
VSD - Ventricular Septal Defect has a hole between what?
Left and right ventricles
What is the most common congenital defect?
VSD - Ventricular Septal Defect
Which defect has a hole between the left and right atria?
Atrial Septal Defect - ASD
ASD has a patent _____.
What is the most common cause of cyanosis at birth?
Tetralogy of Fallot
What four things make up Tetralogy of Fallot?
Aorta overriding VSD
Right ventricular outflow obstruction
Right ventricular hypertrophy
What 5 things do you see with coarctation of the aorta?
Narrowing of aortic arch,
Upper extremity HTN,
Lower extremity claudication (vascular),
A localized malformation characterized by deformity of the aortic media, causing narrowing, usually severe, of the lumen of the vessel.
Coarctation of the aorta
What is transposition of the great vessels?
Reversal of the aorta and pulmonary arteries
Transposition of the great vessels causes?
What is the most common cause of pleural effusion?
Congestive Heart Failure - CHF
Pleural effusion has no _______ and is _______.
Congestive Heart failure is the result of what? 3
Dysfunctional systole, diastole, or valvular dysfunction.
Valvular dysfunction in CHF could either be ____ or ____.
Ventricular hypertrophy is most common on which ventricle?
Which type of hypertrophy is pathologic?