Dr. Roecker's Rapid Review - Cardiovascular Pathology Flashcards Preview

My NBCE Part 1 - Pathology Study > Dr. Roecker's Rapid Review - Cardiovascular Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dr. Roecker's Rapid Review - Cardiovascular Pathology Deck (72)
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1

What is the name for plaques?

atheromas

2

What is hardening of the arteries called?

atherosclerosis

3

What cause hardening of the arteries?

atheromas (plaques)

4

Atherosclerosis has the greatest impact on which arteries?

Large muscular

5

Atherosclerosis ______ lumen.

narrows

6

Atherosclerosis increases what?

thrombosis

7

Atherosclerosis commonly follows what?

Damage to the endothelium (HTN)

8

Atheromas are filled with what? 3

Macrophages,
Necrotic cellular debris,
Cholesterol esters (lipids)

9

Atheromas are covered by what?

A fibrous cap

10

Atheromas may ______ and cause _____.

Rupture
Massive thrombosis

11

What is a common cause of MI?

When atheromas rupture and cause a massive thrombosis.

12

95% of hypertension cases are __________.

Essential

13

What is "essential hypertension"?

Idiopathic, familial history

14

VSD - Ventricular Septal Defect has a hole between what?

Left and right ventricles

15

What is the most common congenital defect?

VSD - Ventricular Septal Defect

16

Which defect has a hole between the left and right atria?

Atrial Septal Defect - ASD

17

ASD has a patent _____.

Foremen ovale

18

What is the most common cause of cyanosis at birth?

Tetralogy of Fallot

19

What four things make up Tetralogy of Fallot?

Large VSD
Aorta overriding VSD
Right ventricular outflow obstruction
Right ventricular hypertrophy

20

What 5 things do you see with coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing of aortic arch,
Upper extremity HTN,
Lower extremity claudication (vascular),
Cyanosis,
Weak pulses

21

A localized malformation characterized by deformity of the aortic media, causing narrowing, usually severe, of the lumen of the vessel.

Coarctation of the aorta

22

What is transposition of the great vessels?

Reversal of the aorta and pulmonary arteries

23

Transposition of the great vessels causes?

Cyanosis

24

What is the most common cause of pleural effusion?

Congestive Heart Failure - CHF

25

Pleural effusion has no _______ and is _______.

No inflammation,
transudate.

26

Congestive Heart failure is the result of what? 3

Dysfunctional systole, diastole, or valvular dysfunction.

27

Valvular dysfunction in CHF could either be ____ or ____.

Stenosis
prolapse

28

Ventricular hypertrophy is most common on which ventricle?

left

29

Which type of hypertrophy is pathologic?

concentric

30

Which type of hypertrophy is the result of endurance training (athlete's heart)?

eccentric