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Flashcards in General Principles 2 Deck (23):
1

Tissue may also respond to injury or stress in the following ways:

Hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Atresia
atrophy

2

Congenital absence of closure of a normal body opening.

atresia

3

Decrease in size of cell or organ.

atrophy

4

This necrosis happens in infractions in the heart and is due to what?

Coagulative
Protein denaturation

5

Type of necrosis seen in the brain and in any abscess.

liquefactive

6

Necrosis seen in TB.

caseous

7

Necrosis seen in acute pancreatitis

enzymatic

8

Necrosis seen in liver damage and injury to fatty tissues.

fat

9

What are the two types of degeneration?

Zenker's and Wallerian

10

Degeneration when the waxy headline is seen in skeletal muscle.

Zenker's

11

Degeneration that is they dying back (anterograde) of nerve axons after injury to the nerves.

Wallerian

12

Apoptosis is regulated by ____ and requires ____.

Nitric oxide (NO)
ATP

13

When a cell is injured the nucleus undergoes specific changes. What are they in order of procession?

pyknosis
karyorrhexis
karyolysis

14

Irreversible chromatic fragmentation [Ca++ influx].

karyorrhexis

15

Irreversible nuclear chromatic condensation or clumping [pH changes].

pyknosis

16

Enzymatic breakdown of DNA after cell death; complete disappearance of stainable nuclear material.

karyolysis

17

Immune deficiency in which X-linked tyrosine kinase defect Blocks B cell maturation seen in Boys

Bruton's agammaglobulinemia

18

Immune deficiency in which thymic and parathyroid aplastic due to failure of 3rd and 4th Pharyngeal arch development deficient T cells.

DiGeorge syndrome

19

Immune deficiency in which is often X-linked with defective B and T cell activation.

Severe Combined Immune Deficiency

20

Immune deficiency which is X-linked defect with progressive depletion of B and T cells.

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

21

Immune deficiency which is autosomal recessive defect in phagocytosis.

Chediak-Higashi syndrome

22

Previously mentioned immune deficiencies present with _______.

Recurrent infections

23

These recurrent infections with immune deficiencies can be either bacterial infections with __ cell deficiency OR viral and fungal infections with ____ deficiency.

Bacterial - B cell
Fungal; viral - T cell