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My NBCE Part 1 - Pathology Study > GI 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI 2 Deck (15):
1

Liver cancer associated hepatitis B and C infection and raised Alpha-fetoprotein. May be associated with fungal (aspergillus) aflatoxins.

Hepatocellular carcinoma

2

Hepatocellular carcinoma aka

Malignant hepatoma

3

Inflammation of the gallbladder called?

cholecystitis

4

Who is at risk for cholecystitis?

Fair, fat, females over forty (RUQ pain)

5

90% of cholecystitis is cause by?

gallstones

6

Gallstones aka

cholelithiasis

7

Which percentage of people with gallstones are asymptomatic?

70-80%

8

Inflammation of the pancreas.

pancreatitis

9

What things can cause pancreatitis?

Alcohol, gallstones, trauma, steroids, mumps, hypercalcemia

10

Pancreatitis causes leakage of what?

Pancreatic enzymes

11

What presents with abdominal pain, bluish discoloration around umbilicus, or in the flanks

pancreatitis

12

What is the bluish discoloration around the umbilicus called?

Cullen's sign

13

Bluish discoloration around the flanks in pancreatitis is called?

Grey Turner's sign

14

Pancreatic cancer is a malignancy (_______________) that arises from?

Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic ducts

15

Patient has this if there is painless jaundice, clay-colored stool, weight loss, severe itching.

Pancreatic cancer (Adenocarcinoma - type)