Flashcards in Cardiovascular 2 Deck (53):
Hypertension is elevation of BP >_____ on __ or more occasions.
95% of HTN are?
Secondary HTN can be due to:
Unilateral renal artery stenosis
Rapidly progressing HTN that can lead to stroke or heart failure and early death:
These patients present with dyspnea on exertion, basal crackles in both lungs, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, raised jugular venous pressure, tender hepatomegaly, and bilateral pitting ankle.
CHF is caused by: 5
Coronary artery disease
Valvular heart disease
Congenital heart disease
Disease myocardium is called:
Cardiomyopathy is caused by:
Alcohol, pregnancy, and viral infections
MC type of cardiomyopathy is:
Three types of cardiomyopathy:
Right sided heart failure called:
Two things that cause cor pulmonale?
Occurs when heart is compressed due to excess fluid in pericardial sac
Beck's triangle associated with:
What is Beck's triangle:
Heart sounds distant
High jugular venous pressure
Caused by atherosclerotic narrowing of large arteries:
Peripheral vascular disease
Present with intermittent claudication - leg pain worse on walking and relieved by rest.
Peripheral vascular disease
This is related to Virchow's triad:
Deep vein thrombosis
Virchow's triad is:
Viscosity - increased clotting
Stasis - in veins from prolonged immobilization
Damage - to the endothelium of vessel wall/trauma
May be associated with Factor V Leiden defect
Pulmonary embolism may be related to:
95% of pulmonary embolism come from ___ or ___.
Leg or pelvis
Pulmonary embolism occludes one of the _______.
PE causes a __________ mismatch
PE presets with a triad of:
Shortness of breath
Pleuritic chest pain
Hemoptysis - blood stained sputum
Varicose veins may lead to:
Inflammation of the vein wall and may lead to thrombosis, presents with a swollen tender superficial cord under the skin:
Decreased blood flow triggered by cold and emotion.
Raynaud's disease is often seen in _______. Cause?
No known cause
Raynaud's disease: characterized by: white ____, blue____, red _____
Raynaud's phenomenon secondary to:
May be part of a CREST syndrome with anti-centromere antibodies:
CREST: C =
CREST: R =
CREST: E =
CREST: S =
CREST: T =
Polyarteritis nodosa is vascular inflammation due to a type _____ hypersensitivity reaction.
Polyarteritis nodosa affects ______ sized arteries, 30% are seropositive for ______.
May present with fever, abdominal pains, and palpable purpura.
Idiopathic segmental inflammation of medium sized arteries and veins seen in male smokers between 20-40 years old.
Buerger's disease aka
Buerger's disease presents with:
Intermittent claudication and weakened distal pulses
Localized giant cell inflammation:
Temporal arthritis associated with a raised ____, mainly seen in ______, may be associated with ________, and may cause ______>
This is due to inflammation of the aorta, possibly immune. MC in Asian females
Benign blood vessel tumor.
Hemangioma can occur in the ___ or the ____.
Neoplastic (blood) seen in people with AIDS
Kaposi sarcoma cause by HHV ___?
Benign myxomatous tumor in the region of the fossa ovals.