Nervous system - Dr. Roecker Flashcards Preview

My NBCE Part 1 - Pathology Study > Nervous system - Dr. Roecker > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous system - Dr. Roecker Deck (10):
1

Cerebral ischemia results in infarction (necrosis) of brain tissue, death or disabled

Stroke

2

Rupture of saccular aneurysm.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

3

Autoimmune demyelinating disease, very common, relapsing-remitting of neurologic deficits, white matter plaques (sclerosis) in brain and cord (multiple), young adult females, accumulation of neurological deficits: ataxia, diplopia, spasticity, bowel/bladder dysfunction.

Multiple sclerosis

4

Loss of spinal cord lower motor neurons, mixed upper and lower motor neuron damage, muscle atrophy, hyperreflexia, rapid progression, spares eyes muscles (Stephen Hawkins), usually death is rapid due to respiratory paralysis.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

5

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis aka?

Lou Gehrig disease

6

MC cause of dementia in elderly, idiopathic, cortical atrophy, beta-amyloid plaque and Tau protein deposition, Neurofibrillary tangles, profound disability (lethal)

Alzheimer disease

7

Damage to dopaminergic neurons of substantial nigra, Lewy body inclusions, "pill rolling" tumor, rigidity, badykinesia (slow movement), loss of facial expression, immobility within 10 years.

Parkinson's disease

8

Bilateral vestibular schwanommas (MRI), vision or hearing problems

Neurofibromatosis type II

9

Autosomal dominant, progressive, and wide spread cerebral degeneration, caudate nucleus atrophy, hydrocephalus ex vacuo, chorea, sever dementia, lethal w/in 15 years

Huntington disease

10

General term for demyelination due to Schwann cell or myelin cell damage.

Neuropathy.