Emotion & Behavior (KA) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Emotion & Behavior (KA) Deck (27):
1

Limbic system mnemonic

Hippo wearing a HAT

- Hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, thalamus

2

What sense bypasses thalamus?

Olfactory

3

Kluver-Bucy Syndrome

Bilateral destruction of amygdala => put things in mouth, hypersexuality, disinhibited behavior

4

Positive and negative emotions are on which sides of brain?

Positive emotions = left side

Negative = right side

5

James-Lange

Experience emotion b/c perception of physiological responses

- Sad b/c you cry

6

Schachter-Singer

Identify reason for situation => feel emotion

- Interpret arousal => aggressive emotion

7

Lazarus theory

LABEL situation => emotion and physiological response

8

Yerkes-Dodson Law

Bell curve that shows people perform best when moderately aroused

9

Appraisal theory of stress

- Primary and secondary appraisal

Stress arises from interpretation of events

- Primary = assess stress in situation => if negative, secondary

- Secondary = appraisal of harm, threat, how to overcome

10

4 categories of stressors

Significant life changes
Catastrophic events
Daily hassles
Ambient stressors

11

General adaptation syndrome

Alarm
Resistance
Exhaustion

12

Physical effects of stress

Cardiovascular
Metabolism (increased glucose production)
Reproductive (impotence)
Immune (inflammation)

13

Areas of brain w/ most glucocorticoid receptors

Hippocampus and frontal cortex

14

Clonus

Rhytmic contractions of antagonistic muscle

15

Glutamate = _____, GABA and glycine = ______

Excitatory; inhibitory

16

What sends histamine?

Hypothalamus

17

What releases norepi?

Locus ceruleus in pons

18

What releases serotonin?

Raphe nuclei in medulla

19

What releases DA?

Ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra

20

Kainic acid and oxidopamine

Neurochemical lesion

21

Cortical cooling

Cool neurons until they stop firing

22

Phenylketonia

Mutation => missing F AA in liver => brain problems

23

3 types of innate behavioral traits

Reflexes
Orientation
Fixed-action pattern (performed w/o interruption)

24

Maslow pyramid of needs

Physiological
Safety
Love
Self-Esteem
Self-Actualization

25

3 components of attitude

Affective (emotional)
Behavioral
Cognitive

26

Principle of aggregation

People will be honest when patterns of behavior are observed vs. single one

27

Attribution

Inferring causes of events/behaviors