Cognitive Processes (KA) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cognitive Processes (KA) Deck (31):
1

Exogenous cues of attention vs. endogenous

Exogenous - pop out to us

Endogenous - requires internal knowledge to understand

2

Shadowing task

Hear different things in both ears => must repeat everything from one ear and ignore other

3

Broadbent's early selection theory

Selective filter => perceptual processes

4

Deutch and Deutch's late selection theory

Perceptual processes => selective filter

5

Treisman's attenuation theory

Attenuator instead of filter

- Weakens but doesn't eliminate

6

Priming

Exposure to one stim/experience affects response to another stim

7

Resource model of attention

Limited resources in attention

8

Information processing model

Brain is like computer (input, processing, output)

9

Visuo-spatial sketchpad

Where visual + spatial info is held

10

Phonological loop

Where verbal info is processed

11

Dual coding hypothesis

Easier to remember words associated with images than either alone

12

Explicit (declarative) memory

- Two types

Facts/events that you can clearly describe

- Semantic (words/facts)
- Episodic (events)

13

Implicit (non-declarative) memory

Things you cannot articulate (procedural memories)

14

Encoding

Transferring sensory info to memory

15

Source monitoring

Recall info and forget info's source

16

Ebbinghaus

Investigator of decay

- Need to remember after initial stage

17

Retroactive vs. proactive interference

Proactive = prior learning impairs new

Retroactive = New learning impairs old

18

Piaget mnemonic

Smart People Cook Fish

19

Sensorimotor stage

Object permanence

20

Preoperational stage

Pretend play
Egocentric

21

Concrete operational

Conservation
Empathy

22

Formal operational

Abstract consequences

23

Conjunction fallacy

Co-occurence of two instances is more likely than single one

24

g factor in intelligence

Factor underlying consistent abilities = theory of 1 general intelligence

25

3 intelligences theory

Anayltical
Creative
Practical

26

Fluid vs. crystallized intelligence

Fluid = ability to reason quickly/abstractly

Crystallized = accumulated knowledge and verbal skills

27

Language theories

- Universalism
- Piaget (kids develop language to describe thoughts)
- Vygotsky (Lang and thought are independent, but converge through development)
- Linguistic determination

28

Linguistic determinism

- Weak hypothesis (language influences thought)

- Strong hypothesis (Sapir-Whorfian) = language shapes how we experience/understand world

29

Language development theories


- Nativist
- Learning
- Interactionist
- Behaviorist
- Linguistic relativity

- Nativist (Chomsky, language acquisition device)

- Learning (reinforcement)

- Interactionist (Vygotsky, bio/social factors)

- Behaviorist (operant conditioning)

- Linguistic relativity (cognition/perception are determined by language)

30

Arcuate fasciculus

- Conduction aphasia

Connects Broca and Wernicke

- Damage => conduction aphasia (disrupt link b/w listening and speaking)

31

Split-brain patient

Severed corpus callosum