Flashcards in Society and Culture Deck (42):
Also focuses on health and wellness
Says that biology alone cannot account for intricacies of disease progression
Focuses narrowly only on physical aspects of illness
Emphasis on genetics and neurological functioning
Human actors construct reality through beliefs and shared understandings/meanings.
Institutional facts exist only as a function of society's structures/beliefs.
Focuses on smaller scale of interaction b/w individuals and small groups.
Shared meanings and labels are made through social interactions.
Terms, concepts, or items that represent specific meanings by accepted convention
Factions of society work together to maintain stability.
Competing groups act according to own self-interests.
Beliefs, assumptions, objects, behaviors, processes that make up a shared way of life
Objects involved in a certain way of life
Elements of culture that are not physical
Ex. Ideas, knowledge, assumptions, values, beliefs
Expectations that govern what behavior is acceptable w/in a group
Subset of population that maintains social interactions
Collection of shared experiences
Two or more individuals living together in community and/or sharing elements of a culture
Hierarchical systems that bring order to interpersonal interactions
Examples of social institutions
Government and economy
Health and Medicine
Examples of demographics
Age, gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, immigration status, education
Production of offspring w/in a population
Group of people who share an ideology and work together toward a specified set of goals
Increase in proportion of people living in specified urban areas
Increasing amount of interaction and integration on international scale
McDonaldization of society
Efficiency, calculability, uniformity, and technological control
Unequal access to resources and variable quality of life w/in population/geographical distribution
Disparities b/w regions and nations in GDP, natural resources, access to healthcare, work available
Equal treatment of people regardless of demographics w/ regard to prevention and relief from hazards
Local separation of demographic groups into different neighborhoods
System of stratification that groups members of society according to similarities in social standing
Tied to status and power
Advantages of power and opportunity over those who lack privilege
Relative value assigned to something w/in a society
Non-monetary social factors that contribute to social mobility
How individual "fits in" or "sticks out"
Knowledge, skills, education
Social networks/connections that may confer economic/personal benefit
Transmission of social inequality from one generation to next
Insufficiency of goods, wealth, and access to resources
Lack of access to resources
Lack of essential resources
Social inequality in which people are poor compared to other members in society
Health disparity/health inequity
Differences in health/healthcare that occur b/w different groups of people
Contribution of social/cultural factors to disease patterns in populations
Behavior of individual in interaction can be figured out by rewards/punishments
Individual acts to maximize his/her advantages
Demographic transition theory
Changes in birth/death rate that are associated w/ economic development (industrialization)
Begins w/ drop in death rate => population growth
Followed by drop in birth rate => population stabilization