Personality (KA) Flashcards Preview

Psych/Soc > Personality (KA) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality (KA) Deck (37):
1

Freud's 2 insitinctual drives

Libido (survival, growth, pleasure)

Death instinct (aggression, wish to die/hurt)

2

Sublimation

Unwanted impulses are transformed into something less harmful

3

Humanistic theory

Carl Rogers + Maslow

Humans are inherently good

Motivated by self-actualization

4

Social potency trait

Degree to which person assumes leadership roles

5

People w/ longer DA-4 receptor gene

More likely to be thrill seekers

6

Behaviorist theory

Behavior is deterministic due to learned behavior patterns in environment

- Skinner (operant), Pavlov (classical)

7

Types of traits

Allport:

Cardinal (dominant)
Central
Secondary

8

- Cattell

- Eysenck

- 16 PF

- Extroversion, neuroticism, psychoticism

9

5 factor model (Big 5)

OCEAN

Openness
Conscientiousness
Extroversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism

10

Social cognitive theory

Interactions b/w people and environment

Cognition plays role (different from behaviorism)

11

Bandora

Bobo Doll experiment

12

Learning-performance distinction

Learning behavior and performing it are different

13

Mnemonic for motivation

Am I Motivated?

- Attention
- Memory
- Imitation
- Motivation

14

Causes of schizophrenia

Decreased cerebral cortex size

Increased DA

Abnormal mesocorticolimbic pathway (VTA in midbrain + cerebral cortex)

15

Nuclei lost in Alzheimer's

Nucleus basalis

- Releases Ach

16

Groupthink

Maintaining group harmony is more important than being correct

17

Anomie

Breakdown of social bonds b/w individual and community

18

Informational social influence

We conform b/c we feel others are more knowledgeable

19

Asch conformity studies

Participants conform with confederates and give wrong answer

20

Demand characteristics

Participants in study may act how they thought experimenter wanted them to behave

21

Factors that influence conformity:

Group size
Unanimity
Group status
Group cohesion
Observed behaviour
Public response

22

Factors that influence obedience:

Closeness to authority
Physical proximity
Legitimacy
Institutional
Victim distance
Depersonalization of victim
Role models

23

Social facilitation

Being in presence of others will show most dominant response (whatever is most likely to occur)

24

Primary deviance

No big consequences

25

Secondary deviance

Serious consequences

26

Strain theory

Block person from attaining goal => they turn to deviance

27

Dishabituation

Previously habituated stimulus is removed

28

Sensitization

Increase in responsiveness to repeated stimulus

29

Taxis

Purposeful movement

30

Kinesis

Random, unpurposeful movement

31

Latent learning

Learned behavior is not expressed until required

32

Insight learning

Aha moment

33

Central processing route

Deep processing
Lasting attitude change

34

Peripheral processing route

Shallow processing
Temporary attitude change

35

Tyranny of choice

Too many choices => negatively impact cognition

36

Effects of information overload

Decision paralysis
Increased regret

37

Ego depletion

Self-control = limited resource

- Resist one thing => less self-control with other things