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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (17):
1

Lab findings in Hashimoto's thyroiditis

High TSH, low T4, antimicrosomal Abs

2

Exophthalmos, pretibial myxedema, and decreased TSH

Graves dz

3

MCC of Cushing's syndrome

-MCC: iatrogenic corticosteroid administration
-2nd MCC: Cushing's dz

4

Pt presents with signs of hypocalcemia, high phosphorus, and low PTH

Hypoparathyroidism

5

"Stones, bones, groans, psychiatric overtones"

S/sxs of hypercalcemia

6

Pt c/o H/A, m. weakness, and polyuria.
Exam: HTN and tetany.
Labs: hypernatremia, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis.

1˚ hyperaldosteronism (d/t Conn's syndrome or b/l adrenal hypeplasia)

7

Pt presents with tachycardia, wild swings in BP, H/A, diaphoresis, AMS, and a sense of panic

Pheo

8

Should alpha- or ß-blockers be used 1st in treating pheo?

Alpha-blockers (phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine)

9

Pt with a h/o lithium use presents with copious amounts of dilute urine

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (DI)

10

Tx of central DI

-Administration of DDAVP decreases serum osmolality
-Free H2O restriction

11

Post-op pt with significant pain presents with hyponatremia and normal volume status

SIADH d/t stress

12

Anti-diabetic agent a/w lactic acidosis

Metformin

13

Pt presents with weakness, N/V, wt loss, and new skin pigmentation.
Labs: hyponatremia and hyperkalemia.
Tx?

1˚ adrenal insufficiency (Addison's dz).
Tx with replacement glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and IVF

14

Goal HbA1c for DM pt

Less than 6.5 or 7

15

Tx of DKA

Fluids, insulin, and aggressive replacement of electrolytes (ex: K+)

16

Why are ß-blockers contraI in diabetics?

They can mask sxs of hypoglycemia

17

MCC of hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's thyroiditis