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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (27):
1

MC type of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Dx?

Esophageal atresia with distal TEF (85%)
-Unable to pass NG tube

2

Not contraindications to vaccination

Mild illness and/or low-grade fever, current abx, prematurity

3

Tests to r/o shaken baby syndrome

Ophthalmologic exam, CT, and MRI

4

A neonate has meconium ileus

CF or Hirschprung's dz

5

Bilious emesis within hours after the first feeding

Duodenal atresia

6

2 mo baby presents with non-bilious projectile emesis. What are the appropriate steps in management?

Correct metabolic abnormalities. Then correct pyloric stenosis with pyloromyotomy.

7

MC 1˚ immunodeficiency

Selective IgA deficiency

8

Infant has a high fever and onset of rash as fever breaks. What is he at risk for?

Febrile szs (roseola infantum)

9

Immunodeficiency: boy has chronic respiratory infxns, (-) nitroblue tetrazolium test

Chronic granulomatous dz

10

Immunodeficiency: child has eczema, TCP, and high IgA levels

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

11

Immunodeficiency: 4 mo M has life-threatening pseudomonas infxn

Bruton's X-linked agammaglobulinemia

12

Acute-phase tx for Kawasaki dz

-High-dose ASA for inflammation and fever
-IVIG to prevent coronary a. aneurysms

13

Tx for mild and severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia

Phototherapy (mild) or exchange transfusion (severe)

14

Sudden onset of mental status changes, emesis, and liver dysfcn after taking ASA

Reye's syndrome

15

Child has loss of red light reflex. Dx?

Suspect retinoblastoma

16

Vaxs at a 6 mo WCC

HBV, DTaP, Hib, IPV, PCV

17

Tanner stage 3 in a 6 yo F

Precocious puberty

18

Infxn of small AWs with epidemics in winter and spring

RSV bronchiolitis

19

Cause of neonatal RDS

Surfactant deficiency

20

Condition a/w red "currant jelly" stools

Intussusception

21

Congenital heart dz that causes 2˚ HTN

Coarctation of the ao

22

1st line tx for otitis media

Amox x 10d

23

MC pathogen causing croup

Parainfluenza virus type 1

24

Homeless child small for age with peeling skin and swollen belly

Kwashiorkor (protein malnutrition)

25

Defect in an X-linked syndrome with mental retardation, gout, self-mutilation, and choreoathetosis

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (purine salvage problem with HGPRT deficiency)

26

Newborn F has a continuous "machinery murmur"

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)

27

Nontender abdominal mass a/w elevated VMA and HVA

Neuroblastoma