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Flashcards in ENT Deck (60)
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31

type of hearing loss in serous otitis media

conductive

32

clue for presbycusis(3)

older people
60'
decreased hearing ability

33

risk factor for presbycusis(5)

age
genetics
medication
history of infection
exposure to loud noise

34

characteristic for pesbycusis

difficulty hearinf in noisy crowded environment

35

ototoxic medication(2)

furosemide
aminoglycoside

36

risk to have ototoxicity with furosemide(2)

renal failure
concomitant use of gentamycine

37

right sided ear pain in patient with normal physical exam and history of grinding teeth

temporomandibular joint dysjunction

38

Meniere disease cause

abnormal accumulation of endolymphe in inner ear

39

clue for menniere(5)

vertigo
tinnitus
sensorineural hearing loss
nystagmus
ear fullness

40

trigger of menniere(4)

salt
alcohol
caffeine
nicotine

41

medication to treat menniere

diuretics
anticholinergic
antihistamines

42

first measure in menniere(2)

lifestyle modification
salt restriction less than 2 a 3 g de sel par jour

43

If lifestyle fails in menniere what to do

medication

44

quid of vertigo

spinning sensation with nausea

45

wheezing after ingestion of aspirin

aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease

46

what is always associated with aspin induced respiratory disease

nasal polyps

47

triad for AERD

bland tasting food
recurrent nasal discharge
nasal polyps

48

complication of malignant externa otitis

skull osteomyelitis
facial nerve destruction

49

dx of complicated otitis externa malignant(2)

MRI or
CT

50

RX of Malignant externa otitis and bugs in cause(2)

pseudomonas aeruginosa
ciprox

51

patient develops neck pain and impossibilty bof open mouth after being scrathed the back of the throat by chicken bone

retropharyngeal abcess

52

Dx of retro pharyngeal abcess

CT of neck
lateral xrays of neck

53

rx of retro pharyngeal abcess

antibio
surgical drainage

54

quid of trismus

inability to open mouth

55

why retro pharyngeal abcess is an emergency

because of risk of mediastinitis

56

which neck space involvement carries the higher risk for mediastinitis?

retropharyngeal space

57

why retropharyngeal space is called danger zone

high risk of medistinitis

58

quid of ludwig angina

submandibular space infection
don't cause mediastinitis

59

diabetes with ear pain and granulation tissue in external ear

Malignant otitis externa

60

rx of malignant otitis externa

systemic ciprox