Ethics in laboratory animal research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ethics in laboratory animal research Deck (7):
1

What is ethics?

  • A research fild within philosophy, a research dicipline at universities
  • Philosophical reflection about our morality, about what is "right and wrong"
  • the more theoretical or abstract reasoning

2

What is morality?

Differes between cultures

everyday "right and wrong"

Self-evident attitudes 

everybody has a morality

3

What is legislation?

  • right and wrong in a legal sense
  • legal norms, enforced by legislative system in each country
  • always based on ethics, or at least on values and principles hold by the society

4

Name the two bases for ethical thinking

  • consistency
    • if one is to distinguish ethically between situation A and situation B one needs to be able to point to a relevant difference that justifies this
  • no privileges
    • ethical norms and principles proposed shall not favorise myself or my friends, but be of universal character.
      Unless there are valid differences

5

What is the paradox in animal experimentation?

We use animals in medical research

  • since they are similar enough to give relevant results
  • since they are different enough to justify the suffering and pain we cause

6

Of how many members does the Animal Ethics Committee in Sweden consist?

15 in total

  • 6 scientists
  • 6 laymen
  • 2 lawyers
  • One who writes the protocol
  • appointed by the swedish board of agriculture

7

What are the 5Rs?

  • the 3Rs and two other issues that came up with the use of GM animals
  • responsibility
  • respect
    • for ethical dilemma
    • for ethical paradox
    • for life