europe between the wars Flashcards Preview

ss > europe between the wars > Flashcards

Flashcards in europe between the wars Deck (22):
1

Great Depression

high unemployment
businesses went under
banks failed
production wages prices and trade all declined

2

League of Nations

wilsons 14 points
goal was to promote peace and avoid armed conflicts among nations

it had no power to stop attacks or prevent war
(Japan attack Manchuria)

us refused to join

3

kellogg Briand pact

agreement signed by most countries that was designed to outlaw war
TOTALLY INEFFECTIVE

4

Italy after wwI

many were disappointed w peace settlement

period of chaos , disorder and high unemployment

5

Mussolini

appealed to many Italians whom were lookin for a strong leader to improve conditions

fascist party

march on Rome and becomes dictator

6

Italy as a fascist state

Mussolini transforms Italy into a fascist state

7

principles of fascism

war and military

use of violence

censorship

extreme nationalism

expansion of territory

anti communist

totalitarianism

8

Germany after wwI

Weimar Republic
democracy was weak and unstable

resented treaty of Versailles

9

hitler and nazis rise to power

hitler becomes leader of nazi party

jailed for attempt to seize power in Munich

10

mein kampf

spells out philosophy :

extreme German nationalism

Aryan master race

lebensraum-living space

anti semitism- Jews blamed for Germany's problems

11

hitler named chancellor

enabling act - dissolved parliament and gave hitler dictatorial powers

12

economic problems

hyperinflation - prices increase dramatically

13

totalitarianism

all power in hands of hurler and nazis

the govt used terror and violence to crush any opposition

14

gestapo/SS

the secret police and elite military units (SS)were used to enforce nazi rule

15

the third reich

hitler's belief that he was creating a new Germany Empire destined to last 1000 years

16

ostracism

Jews working for govt were fired

barred from certain professions

17

the Nuremberg laws

Jews stripped of citizenship

marriage between jew and non Jews banned

expelled from schools

18

what were the Jews forced to wear??

the Star of David

19

kristallnacht

2day anti Jew riots

destruction of Jew owned business and synagogues
large scale arrest of Jews and deportation

20

extermination a

Jews forced to live in ghettos ex Warsaw Kraków

life difficult

21

final solution

the plan to eliminate all Jews

22

holocaust , genocide

Jews forced into concentration camps
ex auschwitz + dachau

about 6 million Jews and millions of others died