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Flashcards in post wwI Deck (35):


he became president of China and tried to make it into a republic

Sun was the original ruler of the Nationalist party or Kuomintang

... three principles

he stepped down as president because not able to unite the country much of China was under the control of warlords


three principles of people



China after wwI

people China were unhappy because at the PPC allies decided to give Japan control over the land that Germany use to control China

some began protesting known as the May 4 movement , The goal was to strengthen China by modernizing and westernizing


chiang Kai shek

took over nationalist party

he managed to unite much of the country by defeating the warlords and became president in the late 1920s

for a while they tried to work with the new Communist Party but in 1927 this ended and soon a Civil War had broken out


Mao Zedong

was the leader of the communist


chinese Civil War

China was trying to park by the Civil War

The communist suffered major defeats and were forced to go on a 6000 mile long retreat also known as the long march only about 20,000 survived this year long retreat


Japanese aggression

in 1931 Japan invaded the northern region of China known as Manchuria and then it attacked the heart of China including major cities such as Shanghai and Nanking

1937 the Japanese attack the city of Nanking they went on a rampage and massacred tens of thousands of civilians and raped the at least 20,000 women


conclusion of civil war

at first the two parties supposedly unite to fight the Japanese this corporation never worked out because each side distrusted each other. Fighting resumed and eventually the Civil War ended with a victory for the Communists the nationalist fled for the island of Taiwan


INDIA (Amritsar massacre)

was British colony

many Indians have been calling for self government/home rule

Indian national congress was a movement

British troops open fire on Indians protesting British laws over 300 were killed and wounded this incident becomes known as the Amritsar massacre. this increased Indian nationalism for full independence



Gandhi emerges as leader of nationalist movement.

his goal was to get independence from Britain.

was Hindu


civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance

refusal to obey unjust laws also by using non violent approach (satyagraha)



Gandhi encouraged Indians to boycott British goods for example he said that Indians should not buy British cloth but instead to make their own

he thought that they might eventually feel so much pressure to leave that they would eventually realize that it was the right thing to do


Salt march

in 1930 Gandhi and his followers walked 240 miles to the sea in order to make salt this was a way of resisting the British because the Indians were deliberately breaking a British law which said the British government control over the manufacturing of salt


Indian national Congress

ghandi and Nehru were part of the INC it was mostly made of Hindus.


Muslim League

Another group called the Muslim league was led by Mohammed Ali Jinnah. This group made up of Indian Muslims wanted independence but insisted on separate nation for Muslims. (Pakistan)


independence in 1947

Burton grants India its independence but it will be partitioned into two new nations India and Pakistan


MIDDLE EAST ( during wwI)

ottoman Turks began forcing the Armenians from their homes


Armenian genocide

Turks massacred about 1 million Armenians

see this as example of genocide (an attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group)


after wwI

ottoman collapsed and were taken by Britain and France

they were made mandates (under control by League of Nations)

the only land controlled by Turks was Anatolia


mustafa Kemal

overthrew ottoman sultan and declare birth or Turkish Republic

dramatically changed the country by modernize and westernizing it

SECULAR SYSTEM- govt and religion kept separate

change alphabet to increase literacy and bans traditional style of dressing
increased woman rights


the arabs

during war fought along allies

promised independence

angered by Paris peace conference bc they had been put under control of European power

movement for independence was panarabism


Jewish people

wanted to return to Palestine where Israel existed

kicked out and scattered around Europe called diaspora

Jews discriminated against known as anti semitism


Jewish nationalism

wanted their own nation state in Palestine called Zionism


theodor Herzl

founder of Zionism and wrote book called Jewish state


Balfour declaration

pledged Britains support for the creation of a Jewish homeland. become British mandate

conflict between zionists and Palestinians



England control Ireland and mistreated Irish

they oppressed Irish Catholics

wanted more rights



relied on potato

potato blight developed and destroyed potato crop

many died and many fled to US

hatred toward British increased bc they were doing nothing to help Irish while they were starving


Irish nationalism

called for homerule


Easter rising

violent uprising against British control

crushed by Britain


in 1922

souther ireland (catholic) become independent

Northern Ireland (Protestant) remained under British control



drive British out with violence


unionist loyalist

loyal to GB (Protestant)


republican nationalists

end British rule (Catholic)


1998 peace agreement

Good Friday Agreement



china's last dynasty full from power and the last Chinese emperor was overthrown (Pu Yi)