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Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 1 Deck (52):
1

What body system is affected by Variant Creutzfeldt - Jakob Disease?

Nervous system

2

What is the causative agent responsible for vCJD?

prion

3

What disease is caused by Streptococcus pyogenes which is a Gram (+) bacteria and affects the skin?

Necrotizing Fascitis

4

What is the causative agent for Vibrio vulnificus Infection?

Vibrio vulnificus

5

What type of organism is Vibrio vulnificus?

Gram (-) bacteria

6

What body system is affected by Vibrio vulnificus infection?

skin

7

What is the causative agent for Pertussis?

Bordetella pertussis

8

What type of organism causes Pertussis?

Gram (-) bacteria

9

What body system is affected by Pertussis?

Respiratory

10

What is the causative agent of Aspergillosis?

Aspergillus

11

What type of organism causes Aspergillosis?

Fungus

12

What body system is affected by Aspergillosis?

Respiratory

13

What causes Chikungunya?

Chikungunya Virus

14

What body system is affected by Chikungunya?

Nervous

15

What body system is affected by the causative agent Norovirus?

Gastrointestinal

16

What is the disease caused by Norovirus?

Norovirus Gastroenteritis

17

What Disease is caused by Hantavirus?

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

18

What body system is affected by Hantavirus?

Respiratory

19

What is the working definition of microbiology?

Study of entities too small to be seen with the unaided human eye.

20

What is abiogenesis?

spontaneous generation

21

Who challenged spontaneous generation by putting meat into three different jars (one open, one sealed, and covered)?

Francesco Redi

22

Who challenged spontaneous generation by briefly boiling broth? (bacteria grew after a few days)

John Needham

23

Who challenged spontaneous generation by boiling broth until it was clear? (bacteria did not grow after a few days)

Lazarro Spellanzani

24

Who put Spontaneous Generation to rest permanently?

Louis Pasteur

25

Which hypothesis of Fermentation was correct?

Yeasts ferment grape juice into alcohol

26

What microbiological event had a greater impact upon culture and society than any disease or epidemic?

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

27

What yeast means "sugar fungus that makes beer?"

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

28

Who hypothesized that microbes were responsible for diseases?

Louis Pasteur (Germ Theory of Disease)

29

What is the study of causation of disease?

etiology

30

Who was in a race with Louis Pasteur to discover the cause of anthrax?

Robert Koch

31

Who discovered the cause of tuberculosis?

Robert Koch

32

Who was first to use Petri dishes?

Robert Koch

33

Who came up with a method isolation using gelatin/potato? What is used now?

Robert Koch; Agar

34

What was the first bacterium proven to cause a disease?

Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)

35

Who came up with the 4 postulates (steps that must be taken to prove the cause of any infectious disease)?

Robert Koch

36

T/F: According to Koch's Postulates, an agent must be isolated and grown outside the host as a step taken to prove the cause of any infectious disease.

True

37

Who was responsible for initiating handwashing?

Semmelweis

38

Who is responsible for Antiseptic?

Lister

39

Who is responsible for infection control/epidemiology?

Snow

40

Who is responsible for the field of immunology?

Jenner

41

Who created the first smallpox vaccine?

Jenner

42

Who is responsible for "magic bullets" or rather the field of chemotherapy?

Ehrlich

43

Semmelweis hypothesized that "cadaver particles" from the hands of medical students were responsible for causing what illness?

puerperal fever

44

Who decreased the number of deaths among his patients by 2/3 with the use of carbolic acid during surgery?

Joseph Lister

45

Who determined the cause of cholera in London?

John Snow

46

What is the study of occurrence, distribution, and spread of disease in humans?

Epidemiology

47

Who created successful vaccines against fowl cholera, anthrax, and rabies?

Pasteur

48

What was the purpose of the "magic bullet?"

to kill microorganisms but remain nontoxic to humans

49

T/F: Humans get contract Mad Cow Disease.

False; humans get vCJD

50

What is an emerging disease?

a disease arising in the past two decades, either because it is new to a population, or because it is newly recognized

51

T/F: there is no treatment for vCJD.

True

52

How does vCJD affect the nervous tissue?

slowly eroding, leaving sponge-like holes in the brain