Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 1 Deck (52):
What body system is affected by Variant Creutzfeldt - Jakob Disease?
What is the causative agent responsible for vCJD?
What disease is caused by Streptococcus pyogenes which is a Gram (+) bacteria and affects the skin?
What is the causative agent for Vibrio vulnificus Infection?
What type of organism is Vibrio vulnificus?
Gram (-) bacteria
What body system is affected by Vibrio vulnificus infection?
What is the causative agent for Pertussis?
What type of organism causes Pertussis?
Gram (-) bacteria
What body system is affected by Pertussis?
What is the causative agent of Aspergillosis?
What type of organism causes Aspergillosis?
What body system is affected by Aspergillosis?
What causes Chikungunya?
What body system is affected by Chikungunya?
What body system is affected by the causative agent Norovirus?
What is the disease caused by Norovirus?
What Disease is caused by Hantavirus?
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
What body system is affected by Hantavirus?
What is the working definition of microbiology?
Study of entities too small to be seen with the unaided human eye.
What is abiogenesis?
Who challenged spontaneous generation by putting meat into three different jars (one open, one sealed, and covered)?
Who challenged spontaneous generation by briefly boiling broth? (bacteria grew after a few days)
Who challenged spontaneous generation by boiling broth until it was clear? (bacteria did not grow after a few days)
Who put Spontaneous Generation to rest permanently?
Which hypothesis of Fermentation was correct?
Yeasts ferment grape juice into alcohol
What microbiological event had a greater impact upon culture and society than any disease or epidemic?
What yeast means "sugar fungus that makes beer?"
Who hypothesized that microbes were responsible for diseases?
Louis Pasteur (Germ Theory of Disease)
What is the study of causation of disease?
Who was in a race with Louis Pasteur to discover the cause of anthrax?
Who discovered the cause of tuberculosis?
Who was first to use Petri dishes?
Who came up with a method isolation using gelatin/potato? What is used now?
Robert Koch; Agar
What was the first bacterium proven to cause a disease?
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)
Who came up with the 4 postulates (steps that must be taken to prove the cause of any infectious disease)?
T/F: According to Koch's Postulates, an agent must be isolated and grown outside the host as a step taken to prove the cause of any infectious disease.
Who was responsible for initiating handwashing?
Who is responsible for Antiseptic?
Who is responsible for infection control/epidemiology?
Who is responsible for the field of immunology?
Who created the first smallpox vaccine?
Who is responsible for "magic bullets" or rather the field of chemotherapy?
Semmelweis hypothesized that "cadaver particles" from the hands of medical students were responsible for causing what illness?
Who decreased the number of deaths among his patients by 2/3 with the use of carbolic acid during surgery?
Who determined the cause of cholera in London?
What is the study of occurrence, distribution, and spread of disease in humans?
Who created successful vaccines against fowl cholera, anthrax, and rabies?
What was the purpose of the "magic bullet?"
to kill microorganisms but remain nontoxic to humans
T/F: Humans get contract Mad Cow Disease.
False; humans get vCJD
What is an emerging disease?
a disease arising in the past two decades, either because it is new to a population, or because it is newly recognized
T/F: there is no treatment for vCJD.