Exam 1 Part 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 7 Deck (61)
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1

The invasion of the host by a pathogen is known as what?

infection

2

What results if the invading pathogen alters normal body functions (aka morbidity)?

disease

3

What is the term for a microorganism's ability to cause disease?

pathogenicity

4

What is the term for how easy it is for an organism to cause disease?

virulence

5

What is the term for the degree of pathogenicity?

virulence

6

What is the term for the ability of a substance to stimulate the production of antibodies or cell-mediated immune responses?

antigenicity

7

T/F: signs are characteristics of disease felt only by the patient.

False; these are symptoms.

8

T/F: signs are manifestations of disease observed or measured by others.

True

9

T/F: signs are objective and symptoms are subjective

true

10

What is the term for a group of symptoms and signs that characterize a disease or abnormal condition?

syndrome

11

T/F: pain, chills, lethargy and itching are all signs.

False; these are symptoms

12

T/F: anemia, diarrhea, fever and swelling are all signs.

true

13

carcino-

cancer

14

col-, colo-

colon

15

dermato-

skin

16

-emia

pertaining to blood

17

endo-

inside

18

-gen, gen-

give rise to

19

hepat-

liver

20

idio-

unknown

21

-itis

inflammation

22

-oma

tumor or swelling

23

-osis

condition of

24

-patho, patho-

abnormal

25

septi-

literally, rotting; refers to presence of pathogens

26

terato-

defects

27

tox-

poison

28

What are the three parts of the triad/triangle of health?

host, agent, and environment

29

When the 3 parts of the triad of health are in balance, what results? when they are out of balance?

health; disease

30

Adhesion factors, biofilms, extracellular enzymes, toxins, and anitphagocytic factors are all what?

virulence factors-contribute to virulence