EXAM 1 : Quiz 1 - Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EXAM 1 : Quiz 1 - Introduction Deck (27):
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Anatomy

study of the structures of the body - observation and description

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Physiology

study of the functions of the body - experimentation

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Microscopic anatomy

study of structures that cannot be seen without magnification

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Cystology

study of cells

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Histology

study of tissues

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Gross anatomy

study of relatively large structures and features visible to the unaided eye

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Levels of Organization

chemicals (molecules) - cells - tissues - organs - organ systems - organisms

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chemicals

basic elements that make up the body (C,H,O,N)

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cell

smallest living unit in the body

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tissues

made up of cells; perform a similar function

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organ

made up of several tissues; perform complex functions

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organ systems

combination of various organs to make up a specific system

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organism

composed of 11 organ systems

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What makes something living? (6 things)

responsiveness (irritability)
growth
differentiation
reproduction
movement
metabolism

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responsiveness

change in activity based on stimulus

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growth

increases in size

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differentiation

becoming specialized to perform particular functions

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reproduction

production of new generations of the same organism

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movement

ability to change the position of something

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metabolism

all chemical reactions in the body

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anabolism

synthesis of complex molecules (building up)

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catabolism

breaking down of complex molecules

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What things are apart of our metabolism? (4 things)

absorption, respiration, digestion, excretion

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absorption

process of bring chemicals into the body

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respiration

absorption, transport and use of oxygen by cells

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digestion

process that make nutrients small enough to be absorbed

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excretion

removal of waste