Quiz 7 - Lower Body Musculature Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Quiz 7 - Lower Body Musculature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 7 - Lower Body Musculature Deck (35):
1

Gluteus maximus

extend hip, lateral rotation and abduct hip
o: ilium, sacrum, coccyx
i: femur, iliotibial tract

2

gluteus medius

abduct and medial rotation of hip
o: ilium
i: femur (greater trochanter)

3

gluteus minimus

abduct and medial rotation of hip
o: ilium
i: femur (greater trochanter)

4

iliotibial tract

thickened lateral portion of fascia late that extends as tendinous band from iliac crest to knee

5

tensor fascia latae

abduct and medial rotation of hip, extend and lateral rotation of knee
o: ilium
i: iliotibial tract (IT band)

6

lateral rotators

lateral rotation and abduct hip
o: sacrum, ilium, ishium
i: femur

7

iliopsoas

flex hip
o: ilium and vertebrae
i: femur

8

anterior thigh muscles (extenders)

quadriceps -
rectus femoris
vastus intermedius
vastus medialis
vastus lateralis

9

rectus femoris

extend knee, flex hip
o: ilium
i: tibia (tibial tuberosity), patella

10

vastus intermedius

extends knee
o: femur
i: tibia (tibial tuberosity), patella

11

vastus medialis

extends knee (under rectus femoris)
o: femur
i: tibia (tibial tuberosity), patella

12

vastus lateralis

extends knee
o: femur
i: tibia (tibial tuberosity), patella

13

sartorius

flex knee; abduct, flex and laterally rotate hip; allows crossing of legs
o: ilium
i: tibia

14

medial thigh muscles

pectineus
adductor longus
adductor magnus
adductor brevis

15

pectineus

flex and adduct hip
o: pubis
i: femur

16

adductor longus

flex, adduct and medial rotation of hip
o: pubis, ischium
i: femur

17

adductor magnus

flex, adduct and medial rotation of hip
o: pubis, ischium
i: femur

18

gracilis

flex and medial rotation of knee, adduct and medial rotation of hip
o: pubis
i: tibia

19

posterior thigh muscles (flexors)

hamstrings -
biceps femoris
semitendinosus
semimembranosus

20

biceps femoris

flex knee, extend hip
o: ischial tuberosity, femur
i: fibula, tibia

21

semitendinosus

flex knee
o: ischial tuberosity
i: tibia

22

semimembranosus

flex knee
o: ischial tuberosity
i: tibia

23

posterior leg muscles (flexors)

gastrocnemius
soleus
tibialis posterior
flexor digitorum (longus)
flexor hallucis longus

24

gastrocnemius

plantar flexion
o: femur
i: calcaneus

25

soleus

plantar flexion
o: femur
i: calcaneus

26

tibialis posterior

plantar flexion, inversion
o: tibia and fibula
i: tarsals and metatarsals

27

flexor digitorum (longus)

plantar flexion, flex toes 2-5
o: tibia
i: phalanges 2-5

28

flexor hallucis longus

plantar flexion, flex hallux
o: fibula
i: phalanx of hallux

29

anterior leg muscles (extensors)

tibialis anterior
extensor digitorum longus
extensor hallucis longus

30

tibialis anterior

dorsiflexion, inversion
o: tibia
i: metatarsal 1, medial cuneiform

31

extensor digitorum longus

dorsiflexion, extend toes 2-5
o: tibia, fibula
i: phalanges 2-5

32

extensor hallucis longus

dorsiflexion, extend hallux
o: fibula
i: phalanx of hallux

33

lateral leg muscles

fibularis longus and fibularis brevis

34

fibularis longus

plantar flexion, eversion
o: fibula
i: metatarsals, medial cuneiform

35

fibularis brevis

plantar flexion, eversion
o: fibula
i: metatarsals, medial cuneiform