Quiz 1 - Organ systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1 - Organ systems Deck (12):
1

What are the 11 organ systems?

- integumentary
- skeletal
- muscular
- nervous
- endocrine
- cardiovascular
- lymphatic
- respiratory
- digestive
- urinary
- reproduction

2

integumentary

protects against environmental hazards, controls body temperature (ex: hair, epidermis, skin, nails)

3

skeletal

provides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms blood cells (ex: bones)

4

muscular

allows for locomotion, provides support, produces heat (ex: axil and appendicular muscles)

5

nervous

directs immediate responses to stimuli by coordinating activities of other organ systems (ex: brain, spinal cord, nerves)

6

endocrine

directs long-term changes in activities of other organ systems (ex: thyroid, ovaries, testes, glands)

7

cardiovascular

transports cells and materials, including nutrients, waste and gases (ex: heart, arteries, veins)

8

lymphatic

defends against infection and disease, returns tissue fluid to bloodstream (ex: lymph nodes, spleen, lymphatic vessels)

9

respiratory

delivers air to sites where gas exchange can occur between air and circulating blood, produces sound (ex: lungs)

10

digestive

process food and absorbs nutrients (ex: liver, stomach, intestines, gallbladder, pancreas)

11

urinary

eliminates excess water, salts and waste products (ex: kidney, bladder, ureter)

12

reproductive

male: produces sex cells and hormones
female: produces sex cells and hormones; supports embryonic development from fertilization to birth