Quiz 4 - Appendicular Skeleton Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Quiz 4 - Appendicular Skeleton > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 4 - Appendicular Skeleton Deck (29):
1

Appendicular Skeleton

involved in changing your position in the external environment (ex: standing, walking, sitting, dressing, driving a car)

2

tubercle

small rounded projection or process

3

tuberosity

large rounded projection; may be rough

4

epicondyle

raised area on or above a condyle

5

trochanter

very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process

6

crest

narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent

7

pectoral girdle

composed of clavicle and scapula - provide a bass for arm movement

8

clavicle

connects the scapula to the manubrium of sternum

9

scapula

posterior side, supported by skeletal muscles, direct connection to humerus

10

acromion

large, posterior process, articulates with clavicle

11

coracoid process

"crows back" , anterior process, articulates with bicep brachia muscle

12

glenoid cavity

articulates with head of humerus (forms shoulder joint)

13

spine

posterior ridge of scapula

14

humerus parts

head, great tubercle, lesser tubercle, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, capitulum, trochlea, coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa

15

radius (parts)

lateral bone of the forearm
- radial tuberosity
- styloid process

16

ulna (parts)

medial bone of the forearm
- olecranon
- trochlear notch
- coronoid process
- styloid process

17

carpals (part)

lateral to medial in anatomical position - thumb to little finger
- scaphoid
- lunate
- triquetrum
- pisiform
- trapezium
- trapezoid
- capitate
- hamate

18

metacarpals

palm of hand

19

phalanges

proximal, middle, distal - digit or phalanx

20

pollex

proximal, distal - thumb

21

pelvic girdle

coxal bone - ilium, ischium, pubis
- acetabulum
- obturator foramen
- iliac crest
- ischial tuberosity

22

femur

head, neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, medial epicondyle, lateral epicondyle, medial condyle, lateral condyle

23

patella

"kneecap"

24

tibia

tibial tuberosity and medial malleolus

25

fibula

lateral malleolus

26

tarsals

talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, cuneiform (medial, intermediate, lateral

27

metatarsals

sole of the foot

28

phalanges

same arrangement as in hand

29

hallux

big toe