Exam #2: Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Clinical Medicine > Exam #2: Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam #2: Vocabulary Deck (33):
1

Angular Cheilosis

Reddish inflammation of the lip/s & production of fissures that radiate from the angles of the mouth

2

Branchial Cleft Cyst

Congenital lesion due to incomplete involution of the branchial cleft, typically in the lateral neck

3

Cholesteatoma

Mass of keratinizing squamous epithelium & cholesterol in the middle ear, usually caused by chronic OM, with squamous metaplasia

4

Cholasma

"Mask of pregnancy" or a common facial discoloration seen in pregnancy

5

Encephalocele

Neural tube defect with protrusions of brain & membranes that cover openings in the skull

6

Epstein pearls

Multiple small, white, epithelial inclusion cysts found in the midline palate in newborn infants

7

Fordyce Spots

Ectopic sebaceous glands of the buccal mucosa appearing as yellow-white raised lesions found on the inner surface and vermillion border of the lips

8

Koplik's Spots

Small red spots with bluish-white centers on buccal mucosa opposite the molar teeth, appearing in the prodromal stage of measles

9

Leukoplakia

- Circumscribed, firmly attached, thick white patches on the tongue and other mucous membranes, often occurring as a precancerous growth - Associated with pipe smoking & snuff

10

Ossification

formation of bone tissue

11

Otitis Externa

Inflammation of the external auditory canal, usually due to bacterial or fungal infection

12

Otitis Media

Inflammation/infection of the tympanum or middle ear

13

Ostosclerosis

Deposits of bone resulting in immobilization of the stapes

14

Peritonsillar Abscess

Deep infection in the space between the soft palate and tonsil

15

Pharyngitis

Inflammation/Infection of the mucous membrane underlying parts of the pharynx

16

Presbycusis

Age-related hearing impairment

17

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Palpable cystic mass in the neck due to incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct

18

Tophi

small, whitish uric acid crystals along the peripheral margins of the auricles seen in Gout

19

Torus Mandibularis

Bony protuberance of the lingual aspect of the lower jaw in the canine-premolar region

20

Torus Palatinus

Bony protuberance in the midline of the hard palate

21

Tympanosclerosis

Formation of dense connective tissue in the middle ear, often resulting in hearing loss when the ossicles are involved

22

Webbing

Excessive posterior cervical skin that is often associated with chromosomal anomalies

23

Xerostomia

Dry mouth

24

Angular Cheilosis 

25

Branchial Cleft Cyst

26

Cholesteatoma

27

Encephalocele

28

Epstein Pearls

29

Fordyce Spots

30

Koplik's Spots 

31

Leukoplakia

32

Peritonsillar Abscess

33

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst