Flashcards in Exam #4: Male Genitalia & Hernias Deck (23)
Describe the lymphatic drainage of the male perineum. Specifically, how does the drainage from the penile & scrotal surfaces differ from the testes?
- Lymph from the penile & scrotal surfaces drains to the local left and right inguinal nodes
- Lymph from the testes drains to the abdomen
What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage I?
What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage II?
- V. small tuft of hair
What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage III?
- Pubic hair begins to appear
What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage IV?
- Rugae begin to form
What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage V?
What is Hypospadias?
Longitudinal split of the glans penis
- Urethra is shortened
What is Balanitis?
Remnant of the foreskin has smega that gets infected gets yeast
What is Peyronie's Disease?
Scarring on the tunica of the penis
What is blood penile discharge most commonly associated with?
What is purulent penile discharge most commonly associated with?
What is a classic vesicular lesion?
What is the difference between the lesion caused by primary syphilis & chancroid?
Syphilis is painless (T. pallidum); chancroid is painful (H. ducreyi)
What is hydrocele?
Fluid collection in the tunica vaginalis
What is the most common cause of genital warts?
What is varicocele?
Abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum
What is spermatocele?
Cyst of the epididymis
What is epididymitis?
Inflammation of the epididymis
What is the typical presentation of testicular torsion?
- Acute onset
- Cremasteric reflex absent
*Occlusive events occur suddenly, infections are gradual
What is an indirect hernia?
Herniation of the bowel through the internal inguinal ring through the external inguinal ring, into the scrotum
What is a direct hernia?
Herniation of the bowel through a weakness in the abdominal wall & through the external inguinal ring
What is a femoral hernia?
Occurs below the inguinal ligament in the femoral canal