Exam #4: Male Genitalia & Hernias Flashcards Preview

Clinical Medicine > Exam #4: Male Genitalia & Hernias > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam #4: Male Genitalia & Hernias Deck (23)
Loading flashcards...
1

Describe the lymphatic drainage of the male perineum. Specifically, how does the drainage from the penile & scrotal surfaces differ from the testes?

- Lymph from the penile & scrotal surfaces drains to the local left and right inguinal nodes
- Lymph from the testes drains to the abdomen

2

What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage I?

Childhood

3

What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage II?

Early Puberty
- V. small tuft of hair

4

What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage III?

Mid Puberty
- Pubic hair begins to appear

5

What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage IV?

Late Puberty
- Rugae begin to form

6

What are the characteristics of the male tanner stage V?

Adulthood

7

What is Hypospadias?

Longitudinal split of the glans penis
- Urethra is shortened

8

What is Balanitis?

Remnant of the foreskin has smega that gets infected gets yeast

9

What is Peyronie's Disease?

Scarring on the tunica of the penis

10

What is blood penile discharge most commonly associated with?

Neoplasm
Uretheritis

11

What is purulent penile discharge most commonly associated with?

STI
Prostatitis

12

What is a classic vesicular lesion?

Herpes

13

What is the difference between the lesion caused by primary syphilis & chancroid?

Syphilis is painless (T. pallidum); chancroid is painful (H. ducreyi)

14

What is hydrocele?

Fluid collection in the tunica vaginalis

15

What is the most common cause of genital warts?

HPV

16

What is varicocele?

Abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum

17

What is spermatocele?

Cyst of the epididymis

18

What is epididymitis?

Inflammation of the epididymis

19

What is the typical presentation of testicular torsion?

- Acute onset
- Cremasteric reflex absent

*Occlusive events occur suddenly, infections are gradual

20

What is an indirect hernia?

Herniation of the bowel through the internal inguinal ring through the external inguinal ring, into the scrotum

21

What is a direct hernia?

Herniation of the bowel through a weakness in the abdominal wall & through the external inguinal ring

22

What is a femoral hernia?

Occurs below the inguinal ligament in the femoral canal

23

Should you screen for testicular cancer?

No