Flashcards in Exam 3 Vocabulary Deck (71):
Location of the voice box
Third in the respiration pathway
First region of the small intestine
First region of the colon
Muscle used in both relaxed and forced respiration
Prevents food from going through the glottis (opening between vocal cords)
Also secreted by the pancreas to aid in glucose metabolism in the blood
Type of respiration where the oxygen moves from the lungs into the blood
Type of GI task that starts in the mouth
Fourth basic layer of the GI tract
Bronchitis leads to inflammation of the trachea and the
Second basic layer of the GI tract
Actual site of gas exchange
Product that the liver excretes to aid in fat digestion
Third basic layer of the GI tract
Third region of the colon
Stores/concentrates a liquid excreted from the liver when it is not being used
First basic layer of the GI tract
Second region of the colon
Type of glands that secrete products (hormones) to be used internally
First step of respiration (O2 into blood) and something that is secreted in the lungs
Process that the small intestine conducts to break up fat into small droplets
Maximum volume of air that can move out of the lungs
Another word for breathing
Amount of energy required to merely sustain the body
Basal Metabolic Rate
Tube that carries food into the stomach
First nervous system receptor of respiration
Third region of the small intestine
Role of the teeth/tongue/palate
Inadequate or unbalanced diets can lead to this
Second nervous system receptor of respiration
Mechanical process of moving air into/out of the lungs
Wave like contractions that help move food throughout the GI tract
Type of gradient that determines flow of air
Microscopic fingers (plural) of mucosa/submuscosa that cover the ridges of the small intestine
Sphincter that regulates what leaves the stomach
Type of respiration when the O2 moves from the blood to the tissues
Second region of the small intestine
Secreted by the pancreas and aids in glucose metabolism in the blood
Pair of thin membranes directly connected to the lungs and the outer layer connects to the thoracic wall
Third nervous system receptor of respiration
Type of glands that secretes products to a free epithelial surface on the bodies exterior
What is the proper sequence of air flow in the human respiratory system?
1. Nasal cavities
Nasal cavity can help by ?
Filtering out debris, warm and moisten the air, trap bacteria/dust particles in mucus, expel bacteria/viruses by sneezing
The maximum amount of air that moves into and out of the human lungs is termed
The digestion process in which enzymes are used to break foods.
The last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body.
The process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
Mixture of stomach fluids and food produced in the stomach by contracting stomach muscles
Tiny, finger-like structures that protrude from the wall of the intestine
The passage between the pharynx and the stomach
Which of the following digestive regions is responsible for the propulsion of materials into the esophagus?
Sympathetic stimulation of the muscularis externa promotes:
muscular inhibition and relaxation
Which of the following major layers of the digestive tract is described as a layer of dense irregular connective tissue filled with blood vessels and the plexus of Meissner?
Strong contractions of the ascending and transverse colon moving the contents of the colon toward the sigmoid colon are called:
What is not a function of saliva?
Initial digestion of proteins
The three pairs of salivary glands that secrete into the oral cavity include:
parotid, sublingual, and submandibular
On its way to the esophagus, food normally passes through the:
oropharynx and laryngopharynx
The inferior end of the esophagus normally remains in a state of active contraction that
prevents the backflow of materials from the stomach into the esophagus
The contractions of the stomach are inhibited by
What is secreted by the stomach?
An enzyme not found in pancreatic juice is
The enzyme lactase, which digests lactose to glucose and galactose, is synthesized by
The exit from the stomach is the
Heartburn could be caused by a poorly working
A major function of the colon is to
Digestive secretions from the liver and pancreas empty into the
What part of the digestive system secretes hydrochloric acid?
A ring of muscle that controls what enters and leaves different parts of the digestive system
Which structure prevents food entering the nasal cavity?