Flashcards in Exam #4: Skin, Hair, & Nails Deck (17):
What are the different appendages of the skin?
3) Sebaceous glands
4) Eccrine sweat glands
5) Apocrine sweat glands
What are the ABCDE's of melanoma?
Evolution (change in size/symptoms)
What is basal cell carcinoma?
Most common cause of skin cancer that appears:
- A waxy papule that bleeds easily
- Central crater with rolled borders
What are the risk factors for basal cell carcinoma?
What is squamous cell carcinoma?
Second most common skin cancer
- Scaling, crusting, raised nodule that may bleed
What are the risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma?
What are the characteristics of a normal mole?
Uniformly tan or brown
All look alike
Round or oval
Clear defined borders
Flat or smooth
Less than 6mm
Found on waist, scalp, breast, sun exposed areas
What is a "dysplastic mole?"
An atypical moles that is unusually benign but may resemble melanoma
What are the characteristics of a dysplastic mole?
Fades in surrounding skin
Smooth, scaly, rough, irregular
Found on back, below waist, scalp, breast buttocks
What is the difference between vellus & terminal hair?
Vellus= short, fine, inconspicuous, and relatively unpigmented
Terminal= coarser, thicker, more conspicuous, usually pigmented (e.g. scalp & eyebrows)
What is a yellow nail an indication of?
Chronic respiratory problems
What is a darkening nail an indication of?
What is a green-black nail an indication of?
What is a single blue or black nail an indication of?
What are blue nails an indication of?
What are longitudinal red or brown streaks in the nails an indication of?
"Splinter hemorrhages" associated with endocarditis