Exam 4 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 4 Vocab Deck (78):
1

Group of chemicals used in addition to vascular and cavity embalming fluids
Includes but is not limited to hardening compounds, preservative powders, sealing agents, mold preventative agents, and pack application agents

Accessory Chemical

2

Dyes which aid in restoring a life-like surface pigmentation to a body and also stain the body tissue cells

Active Dyes
Staining Dyes
Cosmetic Dyes

3

Soft whitish crumbly or greasy material that forms upon the postmortem hydrolysis and hydrogenation of body fats

Adipocere AKA Grave Wax

4

Assimilation of gas, vapor, or dissolved matter by the surface of a solid or liquid

Adsorption

5

Intravascular; The increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particulate formed elements in the blood vessels which is a specific type of congealing

Agglutination

6

A protein found in the blood plasma

Albumin

7

An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups

Alcohol

8

An organic compound containing one or more -CHO groups

Aldehyde

9

Postmortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature

Algor Mortis

10

An organic compound containing nitrogen
Any compounds formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals

Amine

11

Building blocks of which proteins are constructed, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis

Amino Acid

12

In the absence of free oxygen

Anaerobic

13

Deviation from the normal

Anomalies

14

Glycoprotein substance developed by the body in response to and interacting specifically with an antigent

Antibody aka Immunoglobulin

15

A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that react specifically with it

Antigen

16

Self-destruction of cells; decomposition of all tissues by enzymes of their own formation without microbial assistance

Autolysis

17

A chemical which affects the stabilization of the acid-base balance within embalming solutions and in the embalmed tissues

Buffers

18

A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen; sugars, starches, and glycogen

Carbohydrate

19

A change in the body's chemical composition that occurs after death such as hemolysis

Chemical Postmortem Change

20

Microorganisms found normally in the colon

Coliform Organisms

21

Bacterial inhabitants of the colon

Coli-flora

22

A solution-like system in which the size of the solute particle is between 1 and 100 nanometers
Particles of solute pass through filters but not membranes

Colloid

23

A disease of the central nervous system with unknown etiology assumed to be a slow virus
Because of unknown etiology, caregivers using invasive procedures use extreme caution

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

24

A protein whose structure has been changed by physical or chemical agents

Denatured Protein

25

Chemicals having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one

Deodorants
Masking Agents
Perfuming Agents

26

The true metabolic enzymes of bacterium, produced within the bacterial cell wall

Endoenzymes

27

An organic catalyst produced by living cells and capable of autolytic decomposition

Enzyme

28

Enzymes which function outside of the bacterial cell wall

Exoenzymes

29

Removal o particles from a solution as it passes through a membrane or other partial barriet

Filtration

30

The act of making tissue rigid
The solidification of a compound

Fixation

31

An agent employed in the preparation of tissues for the purpose of maintaining the existing form of the structure
Many agents are used, the most important one being formalin

Fixative

32

That amount of formaldehyde necessary to overcome any nitrogen residue and cause the body proteins to become coagulated

Formaldehyde Demand

33

Colorless, strong smelling gas that when used in solution is a powerful preservative and disinfectant; a potential occupational carcinogen

Formaldehyde
HCHO
CH2O

34

Grey discoloration of the body caused by the reaction of formaldehyde from the embalming process with hemoglobin to form methyl hemoglobin

Formaldehyde Grey

35

Chemical in powder form that has the ability to absorb and to disinfect

Hardening Compound

36

The non protein portion of hemoglobin; the red pigment of the hemoglobin

Heme

37

The red respiratory portion of the red blood cells; iron containing pigment of red blood cells functioning to carry oxygen to the cells

Hemoglobin

38

Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin

Hemolysis

39

Reaction in which water is one of the reactants and compounds are often broken down.

Hydrolysis

40

A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

Hypertonic Solution

41

A solution having a lesser concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

Hypotonic Solution

42

The state or condition in which the body or a part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects

Infection

43

Disease caused by the growth of a pathogenic microorganisms in the body

Infectious Disease

44

Bloodborne pathogens, blood or body fluids exposure, any potentially infective, contaminated waste associated with the preparation of human remains that constitutes a hazard to humans in the workplace

Infectious Waste
Biohazardous Waste

45

The process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present

Infiltration

46

A solution having an equal concentration of dissolved solute to that of a standard of reference

Isotonic Solution

47

Conditions characterized by excessive concentrations of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient

Jaundice AKA Icterus

48

A special vascular fluid with special bleaching and coloring qualities of use on bodies with jaundice; usually low formaldehyde content

Jaundice Fluid

49

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues

Lysin

50

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separate from the cells; contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates

Lysosome

51

In its broadest sense, refers to the moistening and softening of any tissue decomposing in a liquid medium

Maceration

52

A minute one celled form of life not distinguishable as to vegetable or animal nature

Microbe
Microorganism

53

Chemicals added to the embalming solution to deal with varying demands predicated upon the embalming fluid to be used, type of embalming, the environment, and the embalming fluid to be used

Modifying Agents

54

Antemortem, physiological death of the cells of the body followed by their replacement

Necrobiosis

55

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition

Autopsy
Necropsy

56

Pathological death of a tissue still a part of the living organism

Necrosis

57

The passage of a solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane

Osmosis
Hindered Diffusion

58

Preservation of the body's surface of excisions and cavities or of areas that received inadequate arterial preservation

Osmotic Embalming
Surface Embalming

59

Method by which solutes and/or solvents cross through a membrane with no energy provided by the cells of the membrane

Passive Transport System

60

Chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one

Perfuming Agents
Masking Agents
Deodorant
HISTORICALLY Reodorants

61

To force a fluid through, especially by way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular embalming

Perfusion

62

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition

Physical Change

63

Changes which are not primarily responsible for alterations in the chemical composition and properties of the body substances

Physical Postmortem Changes

64

Postdeath alteration in the body that comprises a physical and a chemical change

Physiochemical Postmortem Change

65

A substance bringing about precipitation

Precipitant

66

Positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming solution through the capillary causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to an extravascular wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids

Pressure Filtration

67

Small proteinaceous infectious agents which almost certainly do not have a nucleic acid genome and therefore resist inactivation by procedures that modify nucleic acids

Prion

68

Any one of a group of nitrogenous organic compounds formed by the action of putrefactive bacteria on proteins
Indole, skatole, cadaverine, and putrescine

Ptomaine

69

Supplemental fluid, used with the regular arterial solution whose purpose is to retain body moisture and retard dehydration

Restorative Fluid AKA Humectant

70

Bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter

Saprophytic Bacteria

71

Material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood

Sealing Agents

72

A chemical agent that can fence off or tie up metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals

Sequestering Agent

73

The substance that is dissolved in a solution

Solute

74

Liquid containing dissolved substance

Solution

75

A liquid holding another substance in solution

Solvent

76

In liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, not clear or transparent

Turbid

77

An open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue

Ulcer

78

Liquids that serve as a solvent for the numerous ingredients that are incorporated into embalming fluids

Vehicle