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Any chemical compound, mixture, or device, the common primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion is defined by 18 USC chapter -------, as what.

18USC Chapter 40



What type of explosives are defined as unstable substances or mixtures of substances capable of undergoing sudden and violent decomposition or break up.

Chemical explosives


Explosives characterized by deflagration, the development of low pressure, slow chemical reaction, subsonic explosion, and no shock wave.

Low explosives (LE)

Low explosives are typically classified as pyrotechnics and propellants.
Black powder & smokeless powder


Explosives characterized by a very high rate of reaction, high pressure development, and detonation, during which the explosive is decomposed into hot, rapidly expanding gas resulting in a supersonic explosion.

High explosives

Chemicals that can detonate.


_______________ is directly related to the functioning velocity of an explosive.

Explosive work or explosive power.



Low explosives detonate.



What type of explosive demonstrates pushing or heaving power?

Low explosive

High explosives have the ability to shatter OR push depending on their detonation velocity. Think of the two vehicles. The white vehicle suffered greater catastrophic damage bc the velocities were slower.


What term refers to the shattering or crushing effect of a sudden release of energy from an explosive; ability of explosives when detonated to shatter, rip apart, or tear its surroundings?



A ___________ is an ordered combination of explosives necessary to achieve an explosion.

Explosive train


What is the first step in the explosive train?


Definition: first step in the explosive process. It starts the reaction that leads to the explosion.


What is defined as a sudden and violent escape of gases from a central point accompanied by high temperature, violent shock, and loud noise and either involve detonation or rapid deflagration?



Combustion may be devised into what three broad categories?

A. Slow, rapid, and instantaneous combustion
B. low, high, and simultaneous combustion
C. Complete, incomplete, and bilateral combustion.
D. Taco Bell, Krystal's, McDonalds Big Mac.

A. Slow combustion
Rapid combustion
Instantaneous combustion.


What type of combustion is merely normal burning, the heating of a substance as it reaches it's ignition point?

Slow combustion


Rapid combustion is referred to as an explosion if it is

A. Controlled
B. Confined
C. Oxidized
D. Violent

Answer: B confined
Rapid combustion is referred to as explosion if confined. Like fuel and air mixture being ignited by a spark plug inside the cylinder of a gasoline engine, resulting in an explosion.



Instantaneous combustion is called detonation.


It is the instantaneous conversion of the explosive substance from a solid or liquid to a gas.


________ is the very rapid exothermic (burning), self-propagating chemical reaction thru un reacted material at a velocity less than speed of sound (3300 FPS)
A. Rapid combustion
B. Detonation
C. Deflagration
D. Initiation

C. Deflagration


A Chemical reaction given by an explosive substance which produces a shock wave, creates high temps, and pressure gradients and where the chemical reaction is initiated instantaneously is _______
A. Detonation
B. High explosive
C. Rapid Combustion
D. Deflagration

A. Detonation


Speed at which the shock wave passes thru a column of explosives is referred to as what?

Detonation velocity.
Remember the difference in the damage to the cars between dynamite and ANFO


The incomplete consumption or the complete consumption, but at lower than optimum velocity, of an explosive is referred to as...
A. High order detonation
B. Sympathetic detonation
C. Low order detonation
D. Slow combustion

C. Low order detonation
Causes: deterioration of explosive, poor contact between initiator and the explosive, disruption of the shock wave (air bubbles in explosive), insufficient power of initiator.



High order detonation is the complete consumption of the explosive at its optimum (highest) velocity.


Low order is the incomplete consumption or the complete consumption but at less than optimum velocity.


The initiation of an explosive from the shock wave of another explosive charge that is in close proximity is referred to as ___________ detonation.
A. Instantaneous combustion
B. Sympathetic detonation
C. Detonation velocity
D. Deflagration.

B. Sympathetic detonation


The three types of explosions are...
A. low order, high order, and sympathetic.
B. Slow, rapid, instantaneous
C. Mechanical, chemical, nuclear
D. Deflagration, detonation, and deterioration.

C. Mechanical, Chemical, Nuclear

Mechanical-simple mech. pressure w/o explosive chemical reaction
Chemical-rapid conversion of substance (solid/liquid) into gas.
Nuclear-Fission. Splitting nucleons of atoms.


An explosion involving the conversion of a substance (such as water) into a gas, without any explosive chemical reaction (hint), is referred to as what type of explosion?

Hint- B.L.E.V.E

Mechanical explosion.
B.L.E.V.E- Boiling liquid, expanding vapor, explosion
Example: hot water heater.


A type of explosion where by a solid or liquid substance is rapidly transformed/converted into a gas is referred to as a ___________ explosion.


These materials (small in bulk) are transformed into large volumes of hot gases in a fraction of a second.

Chemical explosions contain their own FUELS and OXIDIZERS.


Explosion involving fission, or the splitting of the nucleons of atoms

Nuclear explosion.


Potassium chlorate, ammonium nitrate, sodium nitrate, hydrogen peroxide, sodium hydroxide are examples of what?


Note the "ate" and "ide" as in chlorATE, and hydroxIDE.


Fuel oils, liquid hydrocarbons, aluminum, magnesium, nitromethane are examples of what?




Regarding blast pressure, the negative blast pressure is more violent.



What are the two phases of blast pressure?

A. Positive and negative blast pressure.
B. Reflective and directional.
C. Outward and upward.
D. Shielding and fragmentation.

A. Positive and negative.


The initial, and more powerful blast effects of an explosion, responsible for the majority of blast pressure damage, and occurs as the hot expanding gases create a pressure wave that radiates outward from the explosion at high speed and force is ___________ blast pressure.



Regarding positive blast pressure, ___________ is the sharp instantaneous rise in atmospheric pressure which results
from an explosive detonation.
A. Negative pressure
B. Overpressure
C. Ambient pressure
D. Low pressure

B. Overpressure


Air rushing back into the origin of an explosive detonation is called the __________pressure phase.

A. Negative
B. Positive.
C. Low air...
D. Secondary.

A. Negative pressure phase.


Occurs when blast pressure waves travel until they hit a surface and then reflect off that surface, traveling in another direction is called...
A. Shielding
B. Venting
C. Reflection
D. Refraction.




Air entrapment occurs when the blast pressure is able to escape a confined space.


Venting is when blast pressure is able to escape confined space.


When blast pressure wave strikes immovable object



Regarding blast over pressure, the Threshold for lung damage is...

A. 5 psi blast pressure
B. 10 psi blast pressure
C. 15 psi blast pressure
D. None of above, Lung damage occurs thru negative blast pressure.

C. 15 psi

Blast over pressure causes internal damage to hollow organs (ears, lungs, GI tract).
More: 35-45 psi = approx. 1% fatalities
55-65 psi = 99% fatalities


Time fuse (safety fuse) burns at the following rate.

A. 30-45 feet per second (FPS)
B. 60 FPS
C. 30-45 seconds per foot
D. 60 seconds per foot

C. 30-45 seconds per foot


When blast pressure effect of an explosion breaks material into pieces (materials which had been part of the bomb casing or of objects nearby)

This is referred to as____________.

How does this differ from shrapnel? Shrapnel is materials such as nails, spikes, ball bearings, marbles, nuts/bolts, purposefully added to device to cause anti personnel properties to the device's effect.



Low explosives deflagrate (burn) and produce lower temperatures, longer burning times, and are typically used as propellants.


Smokeless powder and black powder are both low explosives.
Further, low explosives usually need to be confined in some way in order to cause an explosion. Remember the black powder and smokeless powder in the trough on the range. Simple burning.



Black powder is a high explosive

False. Low explosive
BP is used in time fuse (safety fuse), in ignition trains and as a propellant, and often in pipe bombs due to availability.
When used in timing fuse, burns at apprx 30-45 seconds per foot or
1 1/2 to 1 3/4 minutes per meter. Speed of burn rate determined by grain size.


Black powder and smokeless powder are used to construct pipe bombs because they are not sensitive to heat shock friction and sparks.


It's true that they are used for such villainous purposes. But, both are sensitive to flame, heat, sparks etc.


Smokeless powder can be single-base, double-base, and triple-base.
The main difference is that triple base smokeless powders contain what? Think "the dark knight"

Nitroguanidine. Made from bat shit.


Flash powders are low explosives. Used in pyrotechnics. However, flash powders are considered high explosives in regard to what?

Storage requirements.


High explosives

High explosives are instantaneously consumed. Used in construction, mining, demolition, and military applications. Rather than burn, high explosives__________, and do not need to be _________.
A. Explode - restricted
B. Discharge - compacted
C. ..Are insensitive - ignited
D. Detonate - confined

D. High explosives detonate rather than burn (deflagrate) and do not need to be confined to detonate.



Primary high explosives are sensitive to initiation by friction, shock, static electricity, heat, and flame, and are used for ammunition primers and in commercial and military detonators.




Composed of acetone, peroxide, and sulfuric acid, TATP is a popular homemade explosive (HME). TATP is very unstable and is considered
A high explosive.



Secondary high explosives are relatively insensitive and require a _____________ for initiation.
A. Detonator
B. Confinement vessel.
C. Oxidizer
D. Fuel load

A. Detonator



Secondary high explosives, which require a detonator to initiate detonation, are sometimes used themselves as boosters for much less sensitive explosives.



Dynamite, the most commonly known commercial high explosive is a primary or secondary high explosive.



The term given to devices which are secondary high explosives and are sometimes used to amplify the detonation wave from a detonator to achieve initiation of less sensitive explosives.

A. Non electric detonators
B. Time fuse
C. Booster
D. Detonation cord

C. Booster

Can be pre cast into various sizes. Most common 1/3 lb. and 1 lb.
"Cast" means they can be melted and poured or cast taking the shape of the vessel. 350 degrees= TNT melting point.


Nitroglycerin is the main component in commercial dynamite and is very sensitive to heat shock and friction. In dynamite, this ingredient is the

A. Oxidizer
B. Fuel
C. Sensitizer
D. Primary low explosive

C. Sensitizer

Military dynamite does not contain nitroglycerin.


Trinitrotoluene is known as _________ .



TNT is a __________ high explosive, is very stable, can be casted, and is used as the ________ by which all other explosives are measured.

A. Primary - booster
B. Secondary - standard
C. Primary - explosive
D. Secondary - derivative

B. Secondary - standard

All explosives are compared to TNT. TNT is a military product coming in 1/4, 1/2, and 1 lb. configurations.


Military dynamite (M1) contains 75% RDX, 15% TNT, 5% motor oil, and 5% corn starch but does not contain what?




Military explosives, generally fuel rich, produce very little smoke or white smoke when detonated due to their high rate of detonation.

False. Fuel rich explosives produce dark grey to black smoke.



Because of C4's high rate of detonation (approx 26,400 FPS) it generally has a pushing or heaving effect.

False. Shattering effect due to high rate of detonation. Remember the two cars? Neither one was C4 but, the ANFO's slower detonation rate, as opposed to the dynamite, cause heaving pushing effects causing more damage.


Her majesty's explosive, a byproduct of RDX production is known as _________ and is used in small quantities in most _________ .
A. HC3 - det cord
B. TNT - time fuse
C. MI6 - hobby fuse
D. HMX - shock tube

D. HMX - shock tube

Also known as cyclotetramethylenetettranitramine and octogen.
Detonation velocity of apprx 29,900 FPS.



Binary explosives, prior to being brought together, are highly regulated due to their caustic nature and their environmental impacts.


Binary explosives parts are not regulated until mixed.


Regarding binary explosives,
Nitromethane or nitroethane would be considered the __________ ,oxidizers would include ammonium nitrate, and materials such as aluminum powder or Hydrocarbons such as propane, and butane would be considered _____________.
A. Blasting agent - booster
B. Combustible liquid - flammable liquid
C. Fuel - sensitizers
D. Sensitive material - base explosive

C.fuel - sensitizers


The two basic types of shaped charges are:
A. Horizontal and vertical
B. Conical and linear
C. Electric and non electric
D. Low explosive and high explosive shape charges

B. Conical and linear


Materials that are intended for blasting, not otherwise defined as an explosive, which consist of fuel and oxidizer, cannot be detonated by means of a number 8 test-blasting cap when unconfined, and require a booster to detonate are:

A. Blasting agents
B. Shape charges
C. Secondary high explosives
D. Low explosives

A. Blasting agents - ANFO is the most common blasting agent in the U.S. By definition blasting agents cannot be initiated by a detonator alone. These products consist entirely of components that are NOT classified individually as explosives.



A conical shaped charge is primarily used for cutting.


Conical: punch circular hole, focus blast in particular direction.

Linear: used for cutting. Though these also focus the blast, they focus the blast in a line.



Blasting agents by their nature are much more sensitive to initiation than primary and secondary high explosives.


Blasting agents MUST have a booster to initiate detonation. They, by their very definition, cannot be initiated by a detonator alone.

ANFO- essentially Fertilizer and diesel, is a blasting agent.



Dynamite is the most widely used blasting agent in the US.

False - dynamite is NOT a blasting agent

Dynamite is a secondary high explosive & the most commonly known commercial high explosive. It is not a blasting agent. ANFO is a blasting agent. Blasting agents require confinement and a booster. Blasting agents consist of components NOT classified individually as explosives.


HME (homemade explosives) are non-commercial energetic materials which can be formulated with readily available components.
_______&______ are two of the more popular HMEs found on the internet.
B. ANFO & Diesel fuel
D. Nitromethane & DDNP

TATP- Acetone, peroxide, sulfuric acid- Primary HE
HMTD- Hexamine, peroxide, citric acid - Secondary HE.
Both have extreme explosive properties. Little commercial or military applications. Too unstable.


An ordered combination of explosives necessary to achieve an explosion is what?
A. Initiation
B. Explosive precursor
C. Explosive Train
D. Sympathetic detonation

C. Explosive Train- fundamental process in all chemical explosions.
Explosive trains my be initiated electrically or non-electrically.
Some high explosives cannot be detonated unless a booster is added to the explosives train.


Time fuse (safety fuse), a non-electrical initiator, has a black powder core and burns at an approx rate of ...
A. 30-45 seconds per foot
B. 60 feet per second
C. 30-45 feet per second
D. 60 seconds per foot

A 30-45 seconds per foot


In a _________ initiated explosion, a fuse igniter (percussion primer or pull friction type) or a match is the first step that leads to an explosion.
A. Electrically
B. Non-electrically
C. Booster

B. Non-electrically initiated
Ex: Fuse igniter or match used to ignite a time fuse to initiate a smokeless powder filled pipe bomb.
Fuse igniter attached to a time fuse transmits a spit of flame to a non-electric detonator to initiate a block of TNT.


A type of firing system, consisting of small plastic tubing containing a light dusting of HMX and fine aluminum powder, which transmits a shock wave thru the tube rather than a spit of flame like time fuse; and is more controlled than time fuse, eliminating the time it take for time fuse to burn.

Shock tube firing system. NONEL is a brand name.
2500 foot spool of shock tube contains 11 grams of HMX.
Shock tube is less susceptible to accidental discharge by static electricity than an electrical firing system.


In a __________ initiated explosion, a power source such as a battery initiates the process that leads to an explosion.
A. Non-electrically
B. Electrically
C. Remote controlled
D. Chemically

B. Electrically Initiated.
Electrical detonators are constructed in much the same way as non-electrical detonators, except that source of electricity is used to initiate the detonator. Electrical circuit is carried thru two insulated wires. A plug, inside the detonator, holds the wires in place.


Common consumer fireworks are controlled/regulated by 18 USC Chapter 40, Federal explosives laws.

There is no federal regulation on common fireworks. These items are controlled by the states.


Commonly referred to as the "Black Powder Amendment", in 1973, thru amendments to 18USC 845(a)(5), congress increased the amount of black powder that was exempt from _____ lbs. to ______ lbs. to ensure sportsmen could more easily obtain and use black powder for sport, cultural (us rednecks like to shoot shit), & recreational events.

5 lbs. To 50 lbs.


Explosives permits

User permit: valid for ____ years
User limited: permittee limited to ____ purchases per ______ & only within the boundaries of their _____.
User one-time: limited to purchasing ____ time during a ____ year period & w/in boundaries of their state.

User permit: valid for 3 years
User limited: permittee limited to 6 purchases per year & only within the boundaries of their state.
User one-time: limited to purchasing 1 time during a 1 year period & w/in boundaries of their state.


The legislative history of 18 USC chapter 40, federal explosives laws, and more specifically the amendments of 1973 to 18 USC 845(a)(5), black powder amendment and the exceptions therein, states that these exceptions to the black powder amendment (up to 50 lbs) only apply to _____ of black powder.
A. Manufacturers
B. Importers
C. Dealers
D. Purchasers

D. Purchasers
Manufacturers & dealers must comply with licensing.


18 USC 844(k) was added as a new offense by the Crime control act of 1994. 844(k) deals with ____ of explosives that have ______ .
A. Theft - moved in interstate commerce.
B. Use - been stolen
C. Detonation - been illegally manufactured
D. Possession - been stolen.

844(k) deals with theft of explosives that have moved in interstate commerce.

A. Theft - moved in interstate commerce.


Theft of explosives from Federal licensees/permittees.
A. 922(g)
B. 844(l)
C. 844(i)
D. 844(z)



As a result of Oklahoma City bombing, congress felt the general conspiracy statute (371) didn't provide sufficient penalties for persons conspiring to commit arson or explosives crime and enacted ____ , conspiracy to commit arson or explosive crime, thru the anti terrorism act.
A. 922(g)
B. 371(a)
C. 844(n)
D. 844(o)

C. 844(n)

844(o)- unlawfully transferring explosive materials
922(g)= GCA
371(a)= I made that shit up. But 371 is general conspiracy


____ means any person engaged in the biz of distributing explosive material at wholesale or retail.
A. Importer
B. Dealer
C. Manufacturer
D. Licensee

Answer-B. Dealer

A. Importer -in the biz of importing for sale/distribution
B. Dealer
C. Manufacturer- in the biz of manufacturing for sale, distrib. Own use
D. Licensee- means any importer, manufacturer, dealer, licensed under Federal explosives laws (chapter 40)


18 USC 845 contains _______ to most of the explosive laws.



Which of the following are not exceptions (or untrue) regarding (18 USC 845)
A. Black powder - up to 50 lbs
B. Military-exempt
C. Display fireworks by Indian tribes/tribal agency
D. State and Federal govt totally exempt

D. State governments/agencies must comply with STORAGE requirements and thus NOT totally exempt like the Federal govt/military.


Regarding explosives and relief from disabilities, ATF is prohibited from performing relief investigations and no appropriated funds may be used to fund relief investigations except for manufacturers of explosives.

False. 845(b) allows persons prohibited from shipping transporting receiving possessing explosives to apply for relief.


True/False- a person convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence is prohibited from possessing explosives.

False. This is where explosive laws and GCA differ.



ATF is limited regarding the inspection of explosives licensees to no more than one (1) inspection every 6 months.

False- unlike firearms laws, no requirement for inspections to be limited to one per year.


Which is not a type if license.
A. Manufacturer license
B. Temporary user license
C. Importer license
D. Dealer license

B. Temporary user license



18 USC 843(f) authorizes ATF to enter, by forcible entry, a licensee's premises to obtain evidence of criminal wrong doing.

False 843(f) doesn't authorize forced entry.

The discovery of evidence of criminal wrongdoing must be inadvertent.


Over which type of fireworks does ATF NOT have jurisdiction?

A. Zipidy doo das, and whistling bung holes, both a common consumer firework
B. Blasting caps
C. Salutes
D. Display fireworks

common consumer fireworks such as crap blasters, black cats, screaming meemies, snicker bombs, lady fingers, gut busters, crap flappers, honker lighters, hoosker doos/hoosker donts, and nip-si-dazers (with or without the scooter stick)....

Are not under ATF authority. However ATF does have seizure authority


Which of the following is NOT a common problem associated with requests and physical evidence submitted to ETB (Explosives Technology Branch)?
A. Evidence tags/labels completely identifies the evidence
B. Investigative reports are included
C. Devices that have been rendered safe
D. Explosive samples shipped in DOT approved boxes.

C. Devices that have been rendered safe

Devices NOT rendered safe
Too large explosive samples
Improper containers
Incorrectly labeled evid. On tags
Evid. tags poorly affixed to exhibits
Improper separation/segregation of materials
Item count incorrect
Missing inv. reports
Containers improperly marked


Which is NOT a service of ETB
A. Court testimony
B. SACES conducts render safe procedures (RSP)
C. Training for SAs, LE organizations, foreign govts
D. Function tests of devices for court


Only ATF explosives enforcement officers (EEO) and SABTs can conduct RSP.


ETB will call the case agent and verbally advise his/her opinion regarding the applicability of the device or components to the technical requirements of Title II and Title XI. There is no need therefore for a written opinion.

ETB will provide a written report to case agent.


To request an inert explosive prop during an investigation the SA shall

A. Send an e mail to the SAC of the Arson & Explosives Program Division requesting approval to receive and use the prop.
B. Give a brief explanation to his/her RAC who will provide prop.
C. Have AUSA request prop thru DOJ
D. Fax request from his/her SAC to chief, Arson & Explosives Program Division, ATF HQ, providing a synopsis and contact info.

D. Fax request from his/her SAC to chief, Arson & Explosives Program Division, ATF HQ, providing a synopsis and contact info.



M-80s, M-100s, should be labeled as fireworks on lab transmittal form

False - these are "illegal explosive devices"


Illegal to engage in the business of importing, manufacturing, or dealing in explosives w/o ATF license.

18 USC 842(a)(1)


842 (a)(3) - Illegal for non-licensee / non-permittee to...

Transport or receive explosives, (A)

Distribute explosives to other non-licensee/permittee, (B)

842 (a)(3)(A) - transport or receive explosives

842 (a)(3)(B) - distribute to other non-licensee/permittees


Illegal for a prohibited person to receive explosives shipped or transported in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce.



An instrument of offensive or defensive combat or anything used or designed to be used in destroying, defeating, or injuring a person.




M-80 is classified as a destructive device



Destructive devices?
Hand grenade
Military training grenade
Flash bang
Pipe bomb
Molotov cocktail
Dynamite +blasting cap +fuse
Bottle, gasoline, rags

Hand grenade- yes
Military training grenade- no
Flash bang- yes. Designed to "defeat"
Pipe bomb- yes
Molotov cocktail- yes
Dynamite +blasting cap +fuse. depends. Prove was to be used as weapon
Bottle, gasoline, rags. Alone. No.


Illegal to conspire to commit 844(h)



Illegal to conspire to commit other explosives violations, penalty same as offense that was the objective of conspiracy.



Illegal to solicit another person to commit a bombing, penalty is one half of objective crime.



Illegal to withhold information, make false statement, show fake ID in order to obtain explosives from Federal licensee.

Lying and Buying



Illegal to steal explosives affecting interstate commerce



Illegal to steal explosives from licensee / permittee



Illegal for any person to distribute explosives to person under 21 years of age, or a prohibited person.



Illegal to transfer explosive knowing it will be used to commit a federal crime.



Illegal to receive explosives in interstate or foreign commerce to commit bombing (attempt) 10 years, 20 years, life-death



Illegal for prohibited person to posses explosives affecting interstate commerce.



Illegal to possess stolen explosives which affect interstate commerce-having reason to believe they were stolen.



Illegal to make a destructive device not registered in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record.

26 USC 5861(f)


Illegal to teach or demonstrate the making or use of an explosive, destructive device or weapon of mass destruction with the intent or knowledge it would be used in a federal crime of violence.



Illegal for non-licensee/non-permittee to transport explosives anywhere.



Illegal to...
willfully make a bomb threat via mail, phone, or other instrument of interstate commerce.
Maliciously make false bomb threat via mail, phone or other instrument of interstate commerce.
Bomb threat or false bomb threat



Illegal to use explosives to commit any federal felony.

Illegal to carry explosives during the commission of any federal felony.




Which of the following is not a common source of IED info
A. US Army technical handbook & military IED education
B. Anarchist cookbook & poor mans James Bond
C. Inspire & mujahideen explosives handbook
D. Mark Davis' Rufi Colada recipes & Rico Prince's romantic poems

D. Mark Davis' Rufi Colada recipes & Rico Prince's romantic poems

.....tho both best sellers in their respective genera.


Devices placed or delivered / fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating explosives, destructive, lethal or chemical fillers designed to destroy, disfigure, distract, or harass (intended as a weapon)
A. Claymore mine
B. IED-improvised explosive device
C. Sarsfield's sneakers after PT
D. Booby trap

B. IED-improvised explosive device
Also...nonstandard devices usually fabricated from common materials incorporating explosives or destructive lethal noxious, or pyrotechnic chemicals.
Includes Dan May after a big meal at Taco Bell.


An IED contained in or concealed in an old, stanky Florida Gators gym bag...
A. Open device
B. Hard cased device
C. Closed device
D. Soft cased device

D. Soft cased device
Open device= no container, all components visible
Closed device= contained/concealed w/in a container stuff not visible
Hard cased device= hard container, metal, wood, steel pipe


A sophisticated device incorporating radioactive materials designed to produce nuclear yield.
B. IND-Improvised nuclear device
C. Tomahawk missile
D. RDD Radiation dispersal device


An RDD is an IED used to disperse radioactive material over an area. Example: medical radioactive material exploded in a subway (as in a train....not the sandwich place)


A pipe bomb containing Ebola contaminated blood could be described as
A. IED with biological enhancement.
B. IED w/ chemical enhancement if the blood came from a person high on PCP.
C. JUST PLAIN NASTY- this is not the answer
D. 1973 Black Sabbath concert during which Ozzy bit the head off a live dove. Also not the answer.

You figure it out


IED with biological materials
IED with chemical materials
Radiation dispersal device
Improvised nuclear device

All of these IEDs/bombs/explosives have what feature

"Enhancements" ie. enhanced improvised explosive devices


Regarding IED fuzing and firing methods.

Aluminum foil and muriatic acid in a 2 liter Mountain Dew bottle, screw on the top and shake it up.
This "chemical" reaction is also called a __________ reaction.

Besides really dumb.....it's called a Hypergolic Reaction.
Some military fuzing devices contain an acid. Different acids result in longer or shorter time to detonation.


Fuzing and firing methods regarding IEDs EXCLUDE....
A. Non-electric- time fuse, non el detonator, improvised rat trap
B. Chemical reaction- Hypergolic reaction
C. Electric/electric-elec. match or detonator, battery, wires, switches
D. Combo fuzing/firing-both electric and non electric components.
E. None of the above

None. They are all methods


TATP is a primary high explosive

TATP is a primary high explosive

Not really a question here. Dude just kept mentioning it.
TATP is a HME- homemade explosive.


Fuzing/firing methods based on bomber design...

IED fired when the time on a clock expires
A. Time device
B. Victim operated
C. Suicide device
D. Command detonated

Time device


Fuzing/firing methods based on bomber design.
I build an IED (using Flex-X) contained in the latest edition of "Shirtless SWAT Dudes" magazine and place it outside Paton's dorm room door.
Opening the pages will initiate detonation. I have created...
A. A command detonated device
B. A timed device
C. A victim operated device
D. A suicide device

C. Victim operated

....tho one could argue that it would only take mere seconds for Paton to open the magazine once discovered....thus a timed device.


A combination (hint hint) of various IED firing mechanisms.
A package is delivered to Sarsfield labeled, "most awesome hair products ever". If opened... Boom. The device also has a countdown timer if unopened and will detonate at 3pm


Neither the package or Doug would ever make it to 3pm


Fuzing/firing methods
Regarding electric/electronic, the acronym PIES means....

Power source

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