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Flashcards in Exam Bacteria Family Characteristics Deck (26)
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1

Enterobactericeae

Gram negative
Rods
Peritrichous flagella
+/- Capsule
Facultative anaerobes
All motile except Klebsiella

2

Enterobactericeae
Escherichia

Major pathogen
Colostrum
Ferments lactose = PINK
Enteric infections
Toxin produced
Notable disease = E. coli

3

Enterobactericeae
Enterobacter

Opportunistic pathogen
Notable disease = Mastitis in cows & sows

4

Enterobactericeae
Klebsiella

NON-motile
Opportunistic pathogen
Notable diseases = mastitis, metritis, cystitis
(Pelvic infections)

5

Enterobactericeae
Citrobacter

Opportunistic pathogen
Notable disease = UTIs in humans

6

Enterobactericeae
Proteus

Opportunistic pathogen
Swarming growth
Notable disease = UTIs in dog & cat

7

Enterobactericeae
Providencia

Notable disease = diarrhea in humans

8

Enterobactericeae
Morganella

Opportunistic pathogen
NOT so important
Notable diseases = wounds and UTIs
Humans & animals

9

Enterobactericeae
Shigella

Humans only
Major pathogen
Notable disease = dysentery in humans

10

Enterobactericeae
Salmonella

Major pathogen
NON-lactose fermenter
Carrier states = typhoid Mary
Notable disease =Typhoid

11

Enterobactericeae
Yersinia

Major pathogen
Bipolar staining
Wide temperature range (4-42C)
Notable disease = plague

12

Pasteurellaceae
Pasteurella

Opportunistic pathogen
NON-motile
Mucus membranes
Bipolar staining
Notable disease = respiratory infection

13

Pasteurellaceae
Mannheimia

Opportunistic pathogen
NON-motile
Mucus membranes
Bipolar staining
SAME as Pasteurella
Notable disease = Shipping fever

14

Pasteurellaceae
Gallinacterium

?
Notable disease = reproductive tract infection
in laying hens

15

Alcaligenaceae
Bordetella

Major pathogen
Mucus membranes
Obligate aerobe
Toxin produced
Phase changes
Notable disease = Whooping cough and Kennel cough

16

Pasteurellaceae
Haemophilus

Oppertunistic pathogen
Coccobacilli
Notable disease = Glasser's disease

17

Pasteurellaceae
Histophilus

Opportunistic pathogen
Mucus membranes
X and V factors
Notable disease = Cerebral thrombosis in cattle

18

Pasteurellaceae
Avibacterium

Opportunistic pathogen
Mucus membranes
X and V factors
Notable disease = Infectious coryza of chickens

19

Pasteurellaceae
Actinobacillus

Opportunistic pathogen
Mucus membranes
NON-motile
X and V factors
Notable disease = Wooden tongue and Sleepy foal disease

20

Francisellaceae
Francisella

Major pathogen
Obligate aerobe
Transmission = tick bites!
Intracellular pathogen
Notable disease = Rabbit fever in humans

21

Pseudomonadaceae
Pseudomonas

Opportunistic pathogen
Skin, MM, feces
Obligate aerobe
Polar flagella
Pigments & fruity odor!
Notable disease = Ear infections in dog & cat

22

Burkholderiaceae
Burkholderia

Major pathogen
Obligate aerobe
Polar flagella
Found in soil
Notable disease = Glanders in horses

23

Moraxellaceae
Moraxella

Major pathogen
Paired rods!
Obligate aerobe
Mechanical vector = flies
Notable disease = Pink eye in cattle

24

Campylobacteracease
Campylobacter

Major pathogen
Curved rods!
Microaerophilic
Notable disease = Abortions and Gastroenteritis

25

Vibrionaceae
Vibrio

Causes human cholera

26

Desulfovibrionaceae
Lawsonia

Major pathogen
Curved rods!
Microaerophilic
Intracellular pathogen = RBCs
Notable disease = Garden hose gut (proliferative)