export_exam 3 more laundry Flashcards Preview

Bacteriology IP5 > export_exam 3 more laundry > Flashcards

Flashcards in export_exam 3 more laundry Deck (43):
1

This cytotoxin has been associated with very severe necrotizing lesions in humans associated with MRSA infections

Panton-Valentine leukocidin

2

A severe generalized high protein pulmonary edema secondary to a severe vasculitis associated with a severe response to an infectious agent

ARDS

3

This compound is a component of the cell wall of gram-positive but not of gram-negative bacteria and attaches to the cytoplasmic membrane

lipoteichoic acid

4

These antigens produced by some gram-positive bacteria act as toxins by non-specifically stimulating T cells to release cytokines

superantigens

5

Receptors of the innate immune system in the cytoplasm of mammalian cells which would bind peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria

Nod-like receptors

6

This is one biochemical pathway certain obligatory bacteria use for oxidative metabolism of glucose to pyruvate

Enter-Doudoroff pathway

7

A severe inflammatory response resulting in a toxic febrile state with an associated septicemia and resulting in the failure of two or more organs

MODS

8

This is the study of medically significant occurrences in animal population

epidemiology 

9

Protein structures in the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria that serve for transportation of compounds through the cell wall

porin

10

Term used to describe the type of internal structure unique to bacterial cells

procaryotic cell

11

Term or an infection in an animal resulting from a veterinarian using poor inoculation techniques while vaccinating an animal

iatrogenic infection

12

The process by which the immune system identifies foreign antigens for phagocytosis

opsonization

13

Term for bacteria that are cell wall deficient that are induced in the laboratory, although they are genetically capable of producing cell walls

spheroplasts 

14

This term refers to the method of reproduction of the genus Streptococcus

binary fission

15

Term for viable microbes given to humans and animals to augment the normal flora of the digestive tract

probiotics

16

This is the name for the compounds that form a network of polymers on the outside of the cell wall capsules of biofilms

glycocalyx

17

This term describes the total genetic complement of the bacteria

genotype

18

These two terms are names of mobile genetic elements that serve to move genes b/w replicons

transposons, integrons

19

Used to determine if bacterial isolates have pathways for oxidation of glucose

Oxidative-fermentative media

20

The biochemical test used to separate Streptococcus from Staphylococcus

catalase test

21

Major biochemical test used to separate the gram-positive cocci into two major groups

catalase test

22

Major media used to determine if bacterial isolates ferment glucose

triple sugar iron agar

23

synonym for dextrose

glucose

24

These two agents, common causes of mastitis in dairy cattle, are considered to be contagious intramammary parasites

Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus auerus

25

This agent is considered to be the cause of Strangles in the horse

Streptococcus equi subs. equi

26

This agent is considered to be the cause of Bacterial Kidney Disease in fish

Renibacterium salmoniarum

27

This bacterium is considered to be the major cause of Juvenile pyoderma in the dog

none of the above

28

According to the author of "Present Day Pyoderma", what family of antimicrobials that are currently recommended for initial treatment of pyoderma should now be avoided

fluoroquinolones

29

What is unique about Protein A from Staphylococcus pseudintermedius that is probably responsible for its antiphagocytic activity and has been exploited for research and diagnostic tests?

The ability to bind to nonspecifically to the Fc fragment of IgG

30

As part of your treatment program for a mare with Streptococcus equi subs. zooepidemicus metritis you are going to give an antimicrobial by intramuscular injection. Which would be the antimicrobial of your choice?

ampicillin

31

Who is known as the "father of modern chemotherapy"?

Paul Ehrlich

32

A description of Streptococcus canis would be as follows:
Gram ____, catalase _____, shape

gram positive, catalase negative, cocci in chains

33

What is Dr. Philip Johnson's position (from monograph) on the use of antimicrobials in treatment of typical Strangles in the horse?

Antibiotics should not be given to the horse in any stage of the disease

34

You are treating a generalized deep pyoderma in a dog. Which is false?
A) elimination of predisposing causes is essential

B) immunomodulators are often indicated

C) long term antibiotics are indicated

D) use of corticosteroids is not indicated

E) Staphylococcus aureus is the usual pathogen

E

35

The 3 most common species of bacteria involved in endometritis with infertility in horses are Streptococcus equi subs. zooepidemicus, E. coli, and this species:

Klebsiella pneumonia 

36

Most of the infections associated with Streptococcus agalactiae in diary cattle would fall into this category

subclinical chronic infections

37

You are treating an idiopathic recurrent pyoderma in a dog. Which is false?
A) immunomodulators are often indicated

B) culture procedures are essential

C) long term antibiotics are often indicated

D) use of corticosteriods is contraindicated

E) none of the above

E

38

You are treating a generalized deep pyoderma in a dog. Which is false?
A) Staphylococcus intermedius is the usual pathogen

B) immunomodulators are often indicated

C) elimination of predisposing causes is essential

D) long term antibiotics are indicated

E) use of corticosteroids is indicated

E

39

You are treating acute pyotraumatic dermatitis (hot spot) in a dog. Which is true?
A) Staphylococcus intermedius is primary cause

B) immunomodulators are often indicated

C) use of corticosteroids is indicated

D) long term antibiotics are indicated

E) none of the above

C

40

The M-protein is a major virulence factor of Streptococcus equi subs. equi. It aids the bacteria in disease by:

Preventing phagocytosis by neutrophils 

41

The term furunculosis would be most proper in reference to which of these disease conditions in the dog?

generalized deep pyoderma

42

What is the best treatment regimen for nasal pyoderma (a deep regional pyoderma)?

Antibiotics are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Corticosteroids are contraindicated.

43

What is the best treatment regimen for idiopathic recurrent deep pyoderma?

Antibiotics are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Corticosteroids are contraindicated.