export_laundry exam 3-1 Flashcards Preview

Bacteriology IP5 > export_laundry exam 3-1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in export_laundry exam 3-1 Deck (85):
1

Term used to refer to "the observable characteristics of the bacterial cell"

phenotype

2

In dermatology, this term means "inflammation of skin folds"

intertrigo 

3

This is the term used to describe the direct transfer of "naked" chromosomal DNA from one bacterial cell to a second bacterial cell

transformation 

4

In reference to optimal growth temperature, the genus Streptococcus would be placed in this classification 

mesophile

5

In dermatology, this term means "a liquid-filled cavity without pus within the epidermis"

vesicle 

6

In dermatology, this term refers to "a small collection of pus under the epidermis"

pustule

7

This term refers to the hairlike projections on bacterial cell surface but especially applies to those that function in adhesion or attachment functions

fimbriae 

8

This biochemical pathway is responsible for anaerobic glycolysis (fermentation) of glucose

Embden-Meyerhof pathway

9

This is the name of the compound that is used by the pharmaceutical industry to test for the presence of endotoxin in pharmaceuticals

Limulus Amebocyte lysate

10

Responsible for the type of antimicrobial resistance described as MRSA. Often associated with the presence of multiple antimicrobial resistance.

MecA gene

11

The hemolytic pattern of the genus Streptococcus characterized by partial hemolysis

alpha hemolysis

12

The primary cellular response seen in this type of inflammation is neutrophilic 

pyogenic

13

This toxin is responsible for the skin lesions in exudative epidermitis of young pigs by producing an epidermal necrolysis 

exfoliative toxin

14

Term referring to a level of disease that is above the usual level for an animal population

epidemic

15

Term used to describe a pyogenic infection of the hair follicles in which there is a coalescence of several hair follicles into one large pyogenic lesion

furunculosis

16

Term for an infection acquired by an animal during residence in a veterinary hospital

nosocomial infection

17

The classification of the Staphylococcus in regards to requirements of atmospheric gases 

facultatively anaerobic bacteria

18

This term means "inflammation of the skin"

dermatitis

19

This virulence factor of some species of Staphylococcus binds nonspecifically to the Fc receptor of IgG and may be responsible for causing a hypersensitivity reaction 

Protein A

20

Term used for a chronic pyogenic granulomatous disease characterized by a granulation tissue enclosing multiple small abscesses 

botryomycosis

21

This virulence factor of some species of Streptococcus is probably responsible for the immune mediated reactions associated with Streptococcus infections in humans and horses

M-protein

22

This toxin is responsible for the symptoms associated with food poisoning in humans due to Staphylococcus aureus

enterotoxin

23

Term used for the immunological products that consist of killed bacteria that were isolated from a given herd of animals and then used back in that herd

autogenous bacterin

24

This virulence factor is considered to be the best marker of virulence within the genus Staphlyococcus

coagulase

25

The primary cellular response seen in this type of inflammation is monocytic 

granulomatous 

26

Closely attached amorphous layers of polysaccharides that are physically associated with the surface of the bacterial cell

capsule 

27

Term referring to a persistence of infection or disease in an animal population at a more or less constant level

endemic

28

This term means "difficult or labored breathing"

dyspnea 

29

This term refers to "an inflammation of connective tissue"

fasciitis

30

This is the name given to the crystalline arrays of proteins or glycoproteins that are attached on the outside of the peptidoglycan layer of gram positive bacteria 

S-layer

31

Term indicating presence of bacteria in circulatory system with concurrent acute and severe clinical response by the host

septicemia

32

These antigens of Streptococcus are used to separate the genus into groups (A, B, C, etc.)

Lancefield antigens

33

In dermatology, this term refers to "small, solid, and usually conical elevations of the skin that do not contain pus"

papule

34

This class of toxins is responsible for Toxic Shock Syndrome seen with infections of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus

Superantigens

35

Complex carbohydrates that are given to stimulate the growth and/or activity of bacteria in the digestive system which are beneficial to the health of the body

prebiotics 

36

Term for an infection caused by a nonpathogenic normal flora bacterial species which occurred because of a breakdown in body defenses

opportunistic infection

37

This term means "swollen or enlarged lymph nodes"

lymphadenopathy

38

Term referring to the number of cases from a given disease in a given population (term interval specified)

morbidity 

39

This class of toxins is responsible for Necrotizing Fascitis, a syndrome sometimes seen with Streptococcus infections

superantigens

40

This toxin (hemolysin) of Staphylococcus pseudointermedius produces a complete hemolysis on blood agar

alpha toxin (hemolysin)

41

Term for those infections which the diagnostician considered to be "self-originated" or "without known cause"

idiopathic infection

42

This toxin (hemolysin) of Staphylococcus pseudointermedius produces a partial hemolysis on blood agar

Beta toxin (hemolysin)

43

In human dermatology, this is the diagnostic term that is often used for superficial bacterial infections of the skin in young children

impetigo

44

Small genetic elements that can be transferred between bacterial cells through conjugation

plasmids

45

These 2 DOMAINS of the living world only contain procaryotic organisms

archea and bacteria

46

These 2 enzymes, produced by certain bacteria, protect them from toxic oxygen containing compounds produced when oxygen is the terminal electron acceptor in energy metabolism

catalase and superoxide dismutase

47

These 2 bacteria, along with Staphylococcus intermedius, are the 3 species that were separated out of the original Staphylococcus intermedius species

Staphylococcus delphini and pseudintermedius

48

These 2 agents are the bacteria often associated with chronic deep pyoderma in dogs

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and schleiferi

49

Principal cause of botryomycosis in the horse

Staphylococcus aureus

50

This agent has been implicated as a cause of necrotizing fasciitis in dogs

Streptococcus canis

51

This agent is considered to one of the major causes of endometritis in the horse

Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus

52

This agent is the cause of "Greasy Pig Disease", an exudative epidermis of young pigs

Staphylococcus hyicus

53

This bacterium is considered to be the cause of Acute Moist Dermatitis ("Hot spots")

none of the above

54

This alpha hemolytic Streptococcus is a major cause of meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia in young pigs

Streptococcus suis

55

This bacterium is considered to be an underlying cause of equine purpura hemorrhagica through the mechanism of an "immune complex disease"

Streptococcus equi subsp. equi

56

In human medicine, this Streptococcus, a common cause of neonatal infections, is commonly diagnosed as "Group B Strep infection"

Streptococcus agalactiae

57

This catalase positive bacterium is a common cause of mastitis in cattle 

Staphylococcus aureus 

58

This streptococcal pathogen, a common cause of mastitis in dairy cattle, is considered to be an obligate intramammary parasite

Streptococcus agalactiae

59

This agent has recently been associated with the condition "Inflammatory Respiratory Disease" in young training Thoroughbreds

Streptococcus pneumoniae

60

Type of pyoderma: Corticosteroids are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Antibiotics are given as ancillary agents.

juvenile pyoderma, acute pyotraumatic pyoderma

61

Type of pyoderma: Antibiotics are indicated as the major therapy in this disease. Corticosteroids are given as ancillary agents.

none

62

Type of pyoderma: Antibiotics are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Corticosteroids are contraindicated.

Generalized deep pyoderma, recurrent superficial folliculitis, superficial folliculitis at first (initial) diagnosis 

63

The Properdin pathway is a biological pathway:

in mammals as an alternative pathway for activation of complement

64

An outbreak of Strangles in a group of susceptible horses is usually characterized by:

high morbidity and low mortality

65

A description of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius would be as follows:

gram positive, catalase positive, cocci in clusters

66

You are treating a generalized deep pyoderma in a dog. Which statements are false?
A) Staph aureus is the usual bacterial pathogen involved

B) Immunomodulators are often indicated in therapy

C) Elimination of predisposing causes is essential

D)Long term antibiotics are indicated

E) The use of corticosteroids is indicated

E - Corticosteroids are NOT indicated

67

Lancefield group of Streptococcus as originally done by Rebecca Lancefield depended on a precipitation test with the ___ antigen

carbohydrate antigen

68

The lesions of purpura hemorrhagica are best characterized as/by:

well-demarcated edema

69

What of the following is considered to be the most efficacious of the shampoos to be used in therapy of canine pyoderma?

Benzoyl peroxide shampoo

70

You are going to treat a 3 month old foal with a confirmed case of streptococcal septicemia by intramuscular injection. Which would be the antimicrobial of choice?

Ampicillin (any penicillin) 

71

What is the chromosome number of Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus?

one

72

Which of the disease situations would be diagnosed as Bastard Strangles?

Infection of the mesenteric lymph nodes with Streptococcus equi subsp. equi

73

The virulence factor of Staphyloccus pseudointermedius that is probably involved in the development of the hypersensitivity response in chronic deep pyoderma of dogs

Protein A

74

The classical clinical sign leading to a presumptive diagnosis of strangles in a horse would be:

lymph node swelling (head region) with subsequent abscessation and rupture

75

When setting up a management plan it is necessary to classify the pyoderma in the dog by the seriousness of the disease. The most means of classification is based on:

depth of the involvement into the skin

76

A positive test separates the Proteus-Providencia group from the rest of the Enterobacteriaceae

lysine deaminase reaction

77

Major biochemical test used to separate the Gram-negative bacteria into 2 major groups

oxidase test

78

Test used to determine the Gram reaction of a bacterial isolate

KOH test 

79

Used to determine if a bacterial isolate produces acetoin

VP test

80

MacConkey Agar can be used to determine fermentation of this sugar

lactose

81

The ability of other bacteria to enhance the partial hemolytic zone produced by Staphylococcus aureus is determined with this test

camp test

82

This is a selective media

MacConkey Agar

83

A positive test indicates metabolism of tryptophan

indole test

84

Media used to determine if bacterial isolates would have either of these biochemical pathways: Pentose Phosphate Shunt or Enter-Doudoroff pathway

oxidative-fermentative media

85

Major biochemical test used to separate the Gram-positive cocci into 2 major groups

catalase test