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Flashcards in export_bact test 3 Deck (191):
1

Translation

Term use for the process of info transfer from RNA to produce proteins

2

Phenotype

Term used to refer to the observable characteristics of bacterial cell

3

Transcription

Term used to describe the process of DNA producing RNA

4

Intertrigo

In dermatology, this term means inflammation of skin folds

5

Transformation

This is the term used to describe the direct transfer of naked chromosomal DNA from one bacterial cell to a second bacterial cell

6

Mesophile

In reference to optimal growth temp the genus Streptococcus would be placed in this classification

7

Vesicle

In dermatology, this term refers to a liquid filled cavity w/o pus within the epidermis

8

Pustule

In dermatolgy, this term refers to a small collection of pus under the epidermis

9

Fimbriae

THis term refers to the hairlike projections on bacterial cell surace but especially applies to those that function in adhesion or attachment functions

10

Embden-Mehyerhof pathway

This biochemical pathway is responsible for anaerobic glycolysis of glucose

11

Limulus Amebocyte lysate

This is the name of the compound that is used by the pharma ceutical industry to test for the presence of endotoxin in pharmaceuticals

12

Alpha hemolysis

The hemolytic pattern of the genus Streptococcus characterized by partial hemolysis

13

Pyogenic

The primary cellular responses seen in this type of inflammation is neutrophilic

14

Exfoliative toxin

This toxin is responsible for the skin lesions in Exudative epidermitis of young pigs by rpoducing an epidermal necrolysis

15

Epidemic

Term referring to a level of disease that is above the usual level for an animal pop.

16

Furunculosis

Term used to describe a pyogenic infection of the hair follicles in which there is a coalescence of several hair folicles inot one large pyogenic lesion

17

Nosocomial infection

Term for an infection acquired by an animal during residence in a veterinary hosptial

18

Facultatively anaerobic bacteria

The classification of the Staphylococcus in regards to requirements of atmospheric gases

19

Dermatitis

This term means inflammation of the skin

20

Protein A

This virulence factor of some species of Staphylococcus binds nonspecifically to the Fc receptor of IgG and may be responsible for causing a hypersensitivity rxn

21

Botryomycosis

Term used for a chronic pyogenic granulomatous disease characterized by a granulation tissue enclosing multiple small abscesses

22

M-protein

This virulence factor of some species of Streptococcus is probably responsible for the immune mediated rxns associated w/ streptococcus infection in humans and horses

23

Enterotoxin

This toxin is responsible for the symptoms associated w/ food poisoning in humans due to Staphylococcus aureus

24

Autogenous bacterin

Term used for the immunological products that consist of killed bacteria that were isolated from a given herd of animals and then used back in that herd

25

Coagulase

This virulence factor is considered to be the best marker of virulence within the Genus Staphylococcus

26

Granulomatous

The primary cellular responses seen in this type of inflammation is monocytic

27

Capsule

Closely attached amorphous layers of polysaccharides that are physically associated w/ the surface of the bacterial cell

28

Endemic

Term referring to a persistence of infection or disease in an animal pop at a more or less constant low level

29

Dyspnea

This term means difficult or labored breathing

30

Fascilitis

This term refers to an inflammation of CT

31

S-layer

This is the name given to the crystalline arrays of proteins or glycoproteins that are attached on the outside of the peptidoglycan layer of gram positive bacteria

32

Septicemia

Term indicating presence of bacteria in circulatory system w/ concurrent acute and severe clinical response by the host

33

Lancefield antigens

These antigens of Streptococcus are used to separate the genus into groups (A,B,C, etc.)

34

Papule

In dermatology, this term refers to small solid and usually conical elevations of skin that do not contain pus

35

Superantigens

This class of toxins is responsible for toxic shock syndrome seen w/ infections of Staphylococcus and streptococcus

36

Prebiotics

Complex carbs taht are given to stimulate the growth ad or activity of bacteria in the digestive system which are beneficial to the health of the body

37

Opportunistic infection

Term for an infection caused by a nonpathogenic normal flora bacterial species which occurred because of a breakdown in body defenses

38

Lymphadenopathy

This term means swollen or enlarged lymph nodes

39

Morbidity

Term referring to the number of cases from a given disease in a given pop (time interval specified)

40

Alpha toxin (hemolysin)

This toxin of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius produces a complete hemolysis on blood agar

41

Idiopathic infection

Term for those infections which the diagnostician considered to be self originated or w/o known cause

42

Beta toxins (hemolysin)

This toxin of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius produces a partial hemolysis on blood agar

43

Impetigo

In human dermatolgoy, this is the diagnostic term that is often used for superficial bacterial infections of the skin in young children

44

Plasmids

Small genetic elements that can be transferred b/t bacterial cells thru conjugation

45

Archaea
Bacteria

These 2 domains of the living world only contain procaryotic organisms

46

Catalase
Superoxide dismutase

These 2 enzymes produced by certain bacteria protect them from toxic oxygen containing compounds produced when oxygen is the terminal electron acceptor in energy metabolism

47

Staphylococcus delphini and pseudintermedius and intermedius

The three species that were separated out of the original staphylococcus intermedius species

48

Staph. pseudintermedius and schieferi

These 2 agents are the bacteria often associated w/ chronic deep pyoderma in dogs

49

Staph. aureus

Principal cause of botryomycosis in the horse

50

Strep. canis

This agent has been implicated as a cause of necrotizing fascilitis in dogs

51

Strept. equi subsp. zooepidemicus

This agent is considered to be one of the major causes of endometritis in the horse

52

Staphy. hyicus

This agent is the cause of Greasy pig disease an exudative epidermitis of young pigs

53

Strep. suis

This alpha hemolytic Streptococcus is a major cause of meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia in young pigs

54

Strep. equi subsp. equi

This bacterium is considered to be an underlying cause of equine purpura hemorrhagica thru the mechanism of an immune complex disease

55

Strep. agalactiae

In human medicine this streptococcus, a common cause of neonatal infections is commonly diagnosed as Group B Strep infection

56

Staph. aureus

This catalase positive bacterium is a comon cause of mastitis in cattle

57

Strept. agalactiae

This streptococcal pathogen, a common cause of mastitis in dairy cattle is considered to be an obligate intramammary parasite

58

Strep. pneumoniae

This agent has recently been asociated w/the condition inflammatory respiratory disease in young training thoroughbreds

59

Juvenile pyodema
Acute pyotraumatic pyodema

Corticosteroids are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Antibiotics are given as ancillary agents

60

Generalized deep pyoderma
Recurrent superficial folliculitis
Superficial folliculitis at first diagnosis

Antibiotics are indicated as major therapy in this disease. Corticosteroids are contraindicated.

61

In mammals as an alternate pathway for activation of complement

THe properdin pathway is a biological pathway?

62

high morbidity and low mortality

An outbreak of strangles in a group of susceptible horses is usually characterized by?

63

Gram +, catalase +, coci in clusters

A description of staph. pseudintermedius would be as follows?

64

The use of corticosteroids is indicated in these cases

You are treating a generalized deep pyoderma in a dog. Which of the following statements are false for handling this situation?

65

Carb antigen

Lancefield group of Streptococcus as originally done by Rebecca Lancefield depended on a precipitation test with the ? antigen.

66

well demarcated edema

The lesions of purpura hemorrhagica are best characterize as/by:

67

Benzoyl peroxide shampoo

What of the following is considered to be the most efficacious of the shampoos to be used in therapy of canine pyoderma?

68

Ampicillin

You are to treat a 3 month old foal w/ a confirmed case of stretococcal septicemia by intramscular injection. You have available antibiotics in the following list. Which would be the antimicrobial of choice?

69

one

What is the chromosome number of streptococus equi subsp. zooepidemicus?

70

Infection of the mesenteric lymph nodes w/ streptococcus equi subsp equi

Which of the following disease situation swould be diagnosed as bastard strangles?

71

Protein A

The virulence factor of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius that is probably involved in the development of the hypersensitivity response in chronic deep pyoderma of dogs is?

72

Lymph node swelling w/subsequent abscesation and rupture

The classical clinicalsign leading to a presumptive diagnosis of strangles in a horse would be?

73

Depth of the involvement into the skin

When setting up a management plan, it is necessary to classify the pyoderma in the dog by the seriousness of the disease. The most useful means of classification is based on?

74

Lysine Deaminase rxn

A positive test separates the Proteus-Providencia group from the rest of the Enterobacteriaceae

75

Oxidase test

Major biochemical test used to separate the Gram-negative bacteria into 2 major groups

76

KOH test

Test used to determine the gram rxn of a bacterial isolate

77

VP test

Used to determine if a bacterial isolate produces acetoin

78

Lactose

MacConkey Agar can be used to determine fermentation of this sugar

79

Camp Test

The ability of other bacteria to enhance the partial hemolytic zone produced by Staph. aureus is determined w/ this test

80

MacConkey Agar

This is a selective Media

81

Indole test

A positive test indicates metabolism of tryptophan

82

Oxidative fermentative media

Media used to determine if bacterial isolates would have either of these biochemical pathways: Pentose phosphate shunt or F entner doudoroff pathway

83

Catalase test

Major biochemical test used to separate the gram positive cocci into 2 major groups

84

Coagulase

This virulence factor is considered to be the best marker of virulence within the genus Staphylococcus

85

Granulomatous

The primary cellular response seen in this type of inflammation is monocytic

86

Procaryotic cell

Term used to describe the type of internal structure arrangement unique to bacterial cells

87

Opportunistic infection

Term for an infection caused by a nonpathogenic normal flora bacterial species which occurred because of a breakdown of body defenses

88

Beta toxin

This toxin produced by Staph is used in the CAMP test to help identify several species of bacteria including Strep. agalactiae

89

Superantigens

This class of toxins is responsible for toxic shock syndrome seen with infections fo Staph and Strep

90

Vesicle

In dermatology, this term means a liquid filled cavity w/o puss under the epidermis

91

Endemic

Term referring to a persistence of infection of disease in an animal pop. at a more or less constant low level

92

Endometritis

This term means inflammation of the uterine wall

93

Dyspnea

This term means difficult or labored breathing

94

S-layer

This is the name given to the crystalline arrays of proteins or glycoproteins that are attached on the outside of the peptidoglycan layer of gram positive bacteria

95

Septicemia

Term indicating presence of bacteria in circulatory system w/ concurrent acute and severe clinical response by the host

96

Pyogenic

The primary cellular response seen in this type of inflammation is neutrophilic

97

Protein A

This virulence factor of some species of Staph binds nonspecifically to the Fc receptor of IgG and may be responsible for causing a hypersensitivity rxn

98

Exfoliative toxin

This toxin is responsible for the skin lesions in Exudative epidermitis of young pigs by producing an epidermal necrolysis

99

Fimbriae

This term refers to the hairlike projections on bacterial cell surfaces but especially applies to those that function in adhesion or attachment functions

100

Facultatively anaerobic bacteria

This term dscribes bacteria that wil grow w/ or w/o oxygen in their growth medium

101

Binary fission

This term refers to the method of repro of the genus strep

102

M-protein

This virulence factor of some species of strep is probably responsible for the immne mediated rxns associated w/ strep infetions in humans and horses

103

Bacteria

In classification, to which domain do the bacteria belong

104

Iatrogenic infection

Term for an infection in an animal resulting from a vet using poor inoculation techniques while vaccinating an animal

105

Genotype

This term describes the total genetic complement of the bacteria

106

Lancefield antigens

These antigens of sterp are used to separate the genus into groups

107

Papule

In dermatology, this term refers to small solid and usually conical elevations of the skin that do not contain pus

108

Epidemic

Term referring to a level of disease that is above the usual level for an animal pop.

109

Lymphadenopathy

This term means swollen or enlarged lymph nodes

110

Morbidity

Term referring to the number of cases from a given disease in a given pop (time interval specified)

111

Probiotics

Term for viable microbes given to humans and animals to augment the normal flora of the digestive tract

112

Pustule

In dermatology this term refers to a small collection of pus in the epidermis or beneath it in the dermis

113

Nosocomial infection

Term for an infection acquired by an animal during residence in a vet hospital

114

Entner-Doudoroff pathway

The presence of this biochemical pathway may be inducted by apositive oxidative test for glucose in the O-F medium

115

Porin

Protein structures in the cell wall of gram negative bacteria that serve for transportation of compounds thru the cell wall

116

Alpha hemolysis

The hemolytic pattern of the genus strep characterize by partial hemolysis

117

Psychotroph

In reference to classification by optimal growth temp, where would Listeria monocytogenes be placed?

118

Limulus Amebocyte lysate

This is the name of the compound that is used by the pharmaceutical industry to test for the presence of endotoxin in pharmaceuticals

119

Facultatively anaerobic bacteria

The classification of the strep in regards to requirements of atmospheric gases

120

Alpha toxin

This toxin of staph intermedius produces a complete hemolysis on blood agar

121

Idiopathic infection

Term for those infections which the diagnostician considered to be self originated or w/o known cause

122

Plasmids

Small genetic elements taht can be transferred b/t bacterial cells thru conjugation

123

Translation

Term used for the process of info transfer from RNA to produce proteins

124

Integrons
Transposon

These 2 terms are neames of mobile genetic elements that serfve to move genes b/t replicons

125

Catalase
Superoxide disumtase

These 2 enzymes produced by certain bactteria protect tehm from toxic oxygen containing compounds when oxygen is the terminal electron acceptor in energy metabolism

126

Well demarcated edema

The lesions of purpura hemorrhagica are best characterized by?

127

depth of the involvement into the skin

When setting up a management plan it is necessary to classify the pyoderma in the dog by the seriousness of the disease. The most useful means of classification seems to be one that is based on?

128

Subclinical chronic infections

Most of the infections associated Strep agalactiae in dairy cattle would fall into this category?

129

E

You are treating an idiopathic recurrent pyoderma in a dog. Which of the following statements are false for handling this situation?
a. Immunomodulators are often indicate in therapy
b. Culture procedures are essential in amangement of these cases
c. Long term antibiotics are often indicated in therapy
d. The use of corticosteroids is contrainindicated in these cases
e. None of the above statements are false

130

Generalized deep pyoderma

This term furunculosis would be most proper in reference to what disease conditions in the dog?

131

Ampicillin

You are going to treat a 3 month old foal w/ a confirmed case of strep septicemia by intramuscular injection. WHich would be the antimicrobial of choice?

132

The use of corticosteroids is indicated in these cases

You are treating acute pyotraumatic dermatitis in a dog. What is true about this?

133

Preventing phagocytosis by neutrophils

The M protein is major virulence factor of streptococcus equi subsp. equi. It aids the bacteria in disease the bacteria by?

134

Antibiotics should not be given to the horse in any stage of the disease

What is Dr. Philip Johnson's posistion on the use of antimicrobials in treatment of typical strangles in the horse?

135

Strep equi subsp equi

This agent is considered to be the cause of Strangles in the horse

136

Strep canis

This agent has been implicated as a cause of necrotizing fascilitis in dogs

137

Strep agalactiae

In human medicine, this strep,  a common cause of neonatal infections is commonly diagnosed as Group B Strep Infection

138

Staph aureus

Principal cause of botryomycosis in the horse

139

Strep pneumoniae

This agent has recently been associated w/ the condition Inflammatory Respiratory Disease in young training thoroughbreds

140

Strepequi subsp zooepidmicus

This agent is considered to be one of the major causes of endometritis in the horse

141

Strep suis

This swine pathogen causes serious human infections worldwide that often end in death

142

Staph hyicus

This agent is the cause of greasy pig disease an exudative epidermitis of young pigs

143

Staph aureus

This catalase positive bacterium is a common cause of mastitis in cattle

144

Strep suis

This alpha hemolytic strep is a major cause of meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia in young pigs

145

Strep agalactiae

This streptococcal pathogen a common cause of mastitis in dairy cattle is considered to be an obligate intramammary parasite

146

Strep agalactiae
Strep dysgalactiae subsp dysgalactiae
Strep uberis

These bacteria are the group known as the mastitis streps

147

Staphy intermedius
Staph schieiferi

These 2 agents are teh bacteria often associated w/ chronic deep pyoderma in dogs

148

Camp test

The ability of other bacteria to enhance the partial hemolytic zone produced by staph aureus is determined w/ this test

149

KOH test

Test used to determine the gram reaction of a bacterial isolate

150

Catalase test

The biochemical test used to separate strep from staph

151

MacConkey Agar

This is a selective media

152

VP test

Used to determine if a bacterial isolate produces acetoin

153

Oxidase test

Major biochemical test used to separate the Gram negative bacteria into 2 major groups

154

Indole test

A positive test indicates metabolism of tryptophan

155

Replication

Term used to describe the transfer of info from DNA to DNA to form a new double stranded DNA in repro

156

Transduction

The name for the process which refers to the transfer of genetic elements b/t bacteria via bacterial viruses

157

Teichoic acid

This compound is a component of the cell wall of gram positive but not of gram negative bacteria

158

L forms

Term for bacteria that are devoid of cell walls ( only have a cytoplasmic membrane) altho they are genetically capable of producing cell walls

159

LPS

Synonym for endotoxin

160

Psychophile

Term describing bacteria that love to grow at cold temps

161

N acetylglucosamine

This biochemical compound is a integral component of peptidoglycan

162

Superantigens

These antigens produced by some gram positive bacteria act as toxins by non specifically stimulating T cells to release cytokines

163

Peptidoglycan

This compound is a structural component of the cell wall of both gram positive and gram negative bacteria

164

Sepsis

A systemic inflammatory response resulting in a severe toxic febrile state due to infection w/ pyogenic bacteria, w/ or w/o an associated septicemia

165

LPS

Keot- deoxyoctonic acid is an integral component of this biochemical compound

166

Pentose phosphate shunt

This is one biochemical pathway certain obligatory aerobic bacteria use for oxidative metabolism of glucose to pyruvate

167

Endotoxin

When a label on an injectable vial states that the contents are pyrogen free it means that the contents do not contain ?

168

Glycocalyx

Another term used for the slime layers/capsules produced by bacteria

169

C-reactive protein

This compound is classified as acute phase protein

170

Siderophores

Theses enzymes aid pathogenic bacteria by chelating body iron so it is available for use by the bacteria

171

Peptidoglycan

Murein is a synonym for this term

172

L forms

Term for bacteria that are devoid of cell walls altho they are genetically capable of producing cell walls

173

Dipicolonic acid

Compound found in the core of endospores that may be responsible for its environmental resistance

174

Amoxicillin

You are going to treat a 3 month old horse w/ a confirmed case of strep. septicemia. What antibiotic do u use?

175

Strep pyogenes

This strep, a group a strep, is associated w/ necrotizing fascitis in humans

176

Oxidative fermentative media

Used to determine if a bacterial isolate can oxidize glucose

177

MacConkey Agar
Triple Sugar Iron Agar

Two media that can be used to determine if a bacterial isolate can ferment lactose

178

Idiopathic recurrent pyoderma
Acute pyotraumatic dermatitis

Which cases are corticosteroids indicated for?

179

Apply hot packs to abscesses
Flush the draining abscesses

Isolate the horse

DO NOT treat w/ Penicillin G

How do you treat a horse w/ lymph node abscessation?

180

Release of sequestered cells from storage sites

The increase in neutrophil numbers seen in inflammation during the first 24 hours is primarily due to?

181

Move genes b/t plasmids

In bacterial genetics, the transposon is imporatnt because f its ability to?

182

Pore forming toxin

This beta hemolysin of staph intermedius is an example of this type of exotoxin which break the permeability barrier of the mammalian cell

183

AB toxin

This type of exotoxin consists of two parts, one part to bind to the target cell and one part responsible for its toxic activity

184

Bacteriocin

Antibiotics that affect closely related bacteria, often of the same species

185

Actin

This protein is part of the cytoskeleton of mammalian cells

186

Strep pyogenes

This strep most commonly assocaited w/ sore throats in humans

187

Neutrophilic

The primary cellular response seen in pyogenic inflammatory rxn is?

188

Of iron starvvation to the bacterial metabolism

According to the article on SRP technology the immune response that is induced protects the animal because?

189

Non protective

Ab in the animal produced against the Lancefield antigens would be considered?

190

Immune complex disesase

The lesions of purpura hemorrhagica are thought to be caused by a?

191

Furunculosis

From symptomatic, patholgoci and treatment perspectives, which of the following conditions of the dogs skin would be the most serious problem if the problem is assocaited w/ a bacterial infection