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Bacteriology IP5 > export_more laundry 4 2011 > Flashcards

Flashcards in export_more laundry 4 2011 Deck (34):
1

This Salmonella serotype is a very common cause of Salmonellosis in cattle and is considered to be host-adapted to cattle

Salmonella Dublin

2

A vaccine has been used to protect Black Footed Ferrets (an endangered species) against this agent

Yersinia pestis

3

This agent is a common cause of venereally transmitted equine endometritis with subsequent infertility 

Klebsiella pneumoniae

4

This gram positive agent is a common cause of endometritis and abortion in the horse

Streptococcus zooepidemicus

5

A toxin produced in the intestinal tract by this gram negative bacterium is absorbed into the blood stream and then causes damage to small blood vessels resulting in brain ischemia with encephalomalacia resulting in central nervous system symptoms in swine

Escherichia coli

6

These 2 Salmonella serotypes are associated with significant mortality in horses

S. Typhimurium,
S. Newport

7

Mechanism of acute dysentery due to Salmonella Typhimurium in a yearling colt

increased permeability of the intestinal wall

8

Mechanism of diarrhea of colitis due to E. coli serotype O157:H7 in a young child

increased permeability of the intestinal wall

9

Type of E. coli - Enteritis due to E. coli serotype O157:H7 in humans

enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)

10

Stx is the abbreviation for what virulence factor of E. coli

Shiga toxin

11

Used to determine if bacterial isolates have pathways for oxidation of glucose

Oxidative-Fermentative media

12

The biochemical test used to separate Streptococcus from Staphylococcus

catalase test

13

The use of this compound by bacteria in Purine synthesis is the target of Sulfadiazine

Para Amino Benzoic Acid

14

A system of management practices directed at reducing the risk of spreading an existing disease b/w animals on a premise

biocontainment

15

The term in disease treatment for the drug type in which the bacteria are killed

bacteriocidal antimicrobials 

16

These mobile genetic elements often have a different G+C composition than the rest of the chromosome indicating origination by horizontal gene transfer from unrelated species

Pathogenicity islands

17

Term meaning "Give this drug once a day"

q.d.

18

family - cefovecin

cephalosporins

19

family - imipenem

carbapenems

20

family - gentamicin

aminoglycosides

21

family - itraconazole

azoles

22

family - ticarcillin

penicillin family

23

This drug has long term residues in the kidneys of cattle such that veterinarians recommend that the drug not be used to treat feedlot cattle even though it can be legally used for treatment

gentamicin

24

This drug must be used with caution in the cat b/c it can cause severe bone marrow depression

chloramphenicol

25

This drug must be used with caution in young dogs b/c of its propensity to cause potentially debilitation lesions in developing cartilage

enrofloxacin 

26

A description of the family genus Salmonella would be as follows: gram ___, oxidase ___, shape

gram negative,
oxidase negative,

non-spore forming rods

27

The term cystitis refers to:

inflammation of the bladder

28

Enrofloxacin, in regards to use in the patient and action on the bacteria, are:

bacteriocidial and concentration dependent

29

Enrofloxacin, in regards to site of action in the bacteria, affects:

DNA replication

30

The cells responsible for intestinal secretion of fluids are:

non-proliferative, mature crypt epithelium 

31

Amikacin, in regards to use in the patient and action on the bacteria, are:

bacteriocidal and concentration dependent

32

Salmonella in the animal body is:
a) obligate intracellular parasite

b) obligate extracellular parasite

c) facultative intracellular parasite

c

33

Ampicillin, in regards to use in the patient and action on the bacteria, are:

bacteriocidal and time dependent

34

Ampicillin, in regards to site of action in the bacteria, affects:

cell wall synthesis