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Flashcards in FA Rapid Review 1 Deck (61)
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1

Negative Nikolsky's Sign

Bullous Pemphigoid

2

Cradle Cap

Seborrheic Keratosis, Tx antifungals

3

Dewdrop on a rose petal

Lesions of primary varicella

4

Doughy skin

hypernatremia

5

stones, bones, psychiatric overtones

s/s hypercalcemia

6

stuck on appearance

seborrheic keratosis

7

A flutter finding on EKG

sawtooth P waves

8

Tx HTN in diabetic w/ proteinuria

ACEI

9

Drugs that slow AV nodal transmission

BB, CCBs, digoxin

10

post-MI fever, pericarditis, increased ESR

Dressler's Syndrome

11

IV drug use with JVD and holosystolic murmur at the left sternal border. Treatment?

Tricuspid regurg, Tx heart failure and valve replacement

12

Diagnostic test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Echocardiogram (showing thickened left ventricular wall and outflow obstruction)

13

A fall in systolic BP of > 10 mmHg with inspiration.

Pulsus paradoxus (seen in cardiac tamponade)

14

Classic ECG findings in pericarditis.

Low-voltage, diffuse ST-segment elevation

15

Definition of HTN

BP > 140/90 on three separate occasions two weeks apart

16

Eight surgically correctable causes of hypertension.

Renal artery stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, pheochromocytoma, Conn's syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, unilateral renal parenchymal disease, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism

17

Evaluation of a pulsatile abdominal mass and bruit.

Abdominal ultrasound and CT

18

Indications for surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

> 5.5 cm, rapidly enlarging, symptomatic, or ruptured

19

Treatment for acute coronary syndrome.

Morphine, O2, sublingual nitroglycerin, ASA, IV β-blockers, heparin

20

Appropriate diagnostic test? ■ A 65-year-old woman with left bundle branch block and severe osteoarthritis has unstable angina.

Pharmacologic stress test (e.g., dobutamine echo)

21

Signs of active ischemia during stress testing.

Angina, ST-segment changes on ECG, or ↓ BP

22

A young patient has angina at rest with ST-segment elevation. Cardiac enzymes are normal.

Prinzmetal's angina

23

The diagnostic test for pulmonary embolism.

V/Q scan

24

Endocarditis prophylaxis regimens.

Oral surgery—amoxicillin; GI or GU procedures—ampicillin and gentamicin before and amoxicillin after

25

The most common cause of hypertension in young men.

The most common cause of hypertension in young men.

26

The most common type of skin cancer; the lesion is a pearly-colored papule with a translucent surface and telangiectasias.

Basal cell carcinoma

27

A febrile patient with a history of diabetes presents with a red, swollen, painful lower extremity.

Cellulitis

28

Positive Nikolsky's Sign

Pemphigus Vulgaris

29

A 55-year-old obese patient presents with dirty, velvety patches on the back of the neck.

Acanthosis nigricans. Check fasting blood sugar to rule out diabetes

30

Flat-topped papules.

Lichen planus