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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (28)
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1

Diastolic murmur with opening snap and mid-rumble, loud S1 and P2

Mitral Stenosis

2

Harsh systolic murmur at right second intercostal space, radiates to carotids and apex

Aortic Stenosis

3

Murmur with pulsus parvus et tardus (weak and delayed)

Aortic Stenosis

4

holosystolic murmur that radiates to the axilla and loud P2. prominent S3 during diastole

Mitral Regurgitation

5

murmur associated with SUDDEN pulmonary edema

Mitral Regurgitation

6

blowing, decrescendo diastolic murmur heard at the left third intercostal space

Aortic Regurgitation

7

murmur with widened pulse pressure

Aortic Regurgitation

8

murmur with fixed, split S2

ASD

9

crescendo-decrescendo midsystolic murmur heard at left second intercostal space that occurs with inspiration

Pulmonic Stenosis

10

Mid-diastolic murmur louder with inspiration

Tricuspid Stenosis

11

Decrescendo diastolic murmur heard at the left sternal border that increases with inspiration

Pulmonic Regurgitation

12

Diuretic with ototoxicity

loop diuretics

13

diuretic causing hypocalcemia

loop diuretics

14

diuretic causing neuropathy and hyperchloremic acidosis

carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

15

diuretic causing hyperGLUC

thiazide diuretics

16

diuretic that can cause gout

loop diuretics

17

Dihydropeyridine CCBs

nifedipine, amlodipine

18

non-dihydropyridine CCB

diltiazem, verapamil

19

Tx sudden Afib (ex postop)

DC cardiovert

20

Tx prolonged Afib

rate control (BB or CCBs, digoxin)
Warfarin 6wks INR 2-3
Then cardiovert

21

Tx A flutter

same as Afib

22

Tx multifocal atrial tachycardia

verapamil or BB

23

Tx AV nodal reentry tachycardia

cardiovert if unstable
carotic massage, valsalva or adenosine to disrupt the arrhythmia

24

Tx AV reciprocating tachycardia

same as for AVNRT

25

Tx paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

if unstable, cardiovert
if stable, use adenosine to undercover atrial activity

26

Tx symptomatic PVCs

BB

27

Tx Vtach

cardiovert and amiodarone/lidocaine/procainamide

28

Tx Torsades de Pointes

Mg2+, cardiovert if unstable
correct hypokalemia