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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (56)
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1

gonorrhea vs chlamydia in child

gonorrhea is diagnostic of sexual abuse, chlamydia may be contracted during labor and remain + for up to 3 years

2

Cyanotic heart defects (5)

5 T's:
Truncus arteriosis, TOGV, Tricuspid atresia, ToF, TAPVR

3

Noncyanotic heart defects (3)

3 D's:
VSD, PDA, ASD

4

MCC congenital heart disease

VSD

5

peds heart cond. ass. with Kawasaki disease

coronary artery aneurysms

6

CHD ass. with congenital rubella

PDA

7

peds heart cond. ass. with neonatal lupus

heart block

8

CHD ass. with Downs

ASD and endocardial cushion defects

9

Peds heart cond. ass. with maternal DM

asymmetric septal hypertrophy and ToGV*

10

peds heart cond. ass. with maternal Li intake

Ebstein's anomaly

11

Tx PDA

indomethacin

12

Cyanosis in left arm and legs vs. normal right arm

coarctation of the aorta (post vs pre ductal)

13

Drug to keep PDA open

PGE1

14

DiGeorge Syndrome CATCH 22

Cardiac (ToF)
Abnormal facies
Thymic aplasia
Cleft palate
Hypocalcemia
22q11 del

15

RF for ToF (2)

Maternal PKU, DiGeorge Syndrome

16

Single S2

think ToF (overriding aorta)

17

Boot shaped heart

ToF

18

Tx tet spells (hypercyanosis) (5)

O2, propranolol, phenylephrine, fluids, knee-chest position

19

6 conditions associated with Down's

CHD, Hirschsprung's, duodenal atresia, ALL, hypothyroidism, early-onset Alzheimer's

20

Rocker-bottom feet, micrognathia, clenched hand

Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome)

21

polydactyly, microphthalmia, microcephaly, holoprosencephaly

Patau's Syndomre (Trisomy 13)

22

Tetrology of Fallot (PROVe)

pulmonary stenosis, overriding aorta, RVH, VSD

23

+ Sweat chloride test cut-off

>60mEq/L

24

fair skin, eczema, blond hair.blue eyes, musty odor

PKU

25

Fabry's has increased risk of:

RF and MI (TOE)

26

Tx PKU

limit phenylalanine, increase tyrosine

27

severe neuropathic limb pain, angiokeratomas and telangiectasias

Fabry's disease

28

Trisomy ass. with horseshoe kidneys

Trisomy 18

29

LSD with progressive CNS degeneration

Krabbe's disease

30

Glucocerebrosidase deficiency, crinkled paper histology

Gaucher's disease