Flashcards in Set 2 Deck (50)
Transfusion reaction ABO mismatch vs. IgA deficiency
IgA deficiency happens in SECONDS-MINUTES
ABO takes longer to develop but can result in hemolysis, shock, DIC and ARF
SIADH diagnostic criteria (2)
plasma osm 150 (100-150)
Screening age for DM if no RF, cutoffs (4)?
Fasting BG >125
Random BG >200 + sx
OGTT >200 (75g at 2 hrs)
radial-side wrist pain worsened by thumb movement
DeQeurvain's tenosynovitis (common postpartum)
partially acid fast gram + branching rods, Tx
"SNAP" for atypical gram + bugs (2)
Sulfa for Nocarida, Actinomyces use Penecillin
Tx diabetic nephrophathy
Improve BP control! also gabapentin
Bilateral hilar and paratracheal adenopathy with reticualr opacities/infiltrates
MCC organism associated with Reiter's Syndrome (reactive arthritis)?
muddy brown casts
ATN!! (they are renal epithelial cells)
statistics test to compare means? proportions?
2 means --> T-test "T for 2"
3 means --> ANOVA (3 syllables)
Proportions --> Chi-squared
Tx TCA overdose?
sodium bicarbonate --> improves SBP, narrows the QRS and decreases ventricular arrhythmias
3 causes of post-cholecystectomy pain?
Spincter of Odi dysfxn
If alk phos elevated / biliary tree dilation --> ERCP to distinguish 2 and 3
3 RF for osteosarcoma
Chemo, radiation, Paget's disease
Experimental/control relative occurance of outcome
higher in CONTROL group
>1 --> higher in EXPERIMENTAL group
4 criteria to dx brain death
absent CNS reflexes
no spontaneous respiration
2 physicians MUST agree
Painful bullae and necrosis on breasts, butt, thighs abd
Warfarin-induced skin necrosis
Pathogenesis warfarin-induced skin necrosis, Tx?
Protein C deficiency --> Tx vitamin K and switch to heparin
Ca, Phos, PTH levels in 2ndary hyperPTH
increased Phosphrous and PTH
Sinusitis in a diabetic
p-ANCA and HLA-B27 (2)
either ankylosing sponylitis or ulcerative colitis
2 MI complications wks-->months later
Ventricular aneurysm (CHF, MR and persistent ST elevations) or Dressler's snydrome (fibrinous pericarditis)
Asymptomatic pulmonary nodule, must consider?
histoplasmosis (MS, OH central america)
3 test w/u of galactorrhea
Pregnancy test, TSH and PRL
2 conditions ass. with cystic hygromas
Turners and Downs
Etiology and pathogenesis of osteitis fibrosis cystica
hyperPTH from replacement of normal bone architecture with fibrous tissue (brown tumors)
HIV patient with bloody diarrhea, suspect...
CMV colitis, tx ganciclovir