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Flashcards in Fall Procedures 2 Deck (152)
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1

Costotransverse jt is made of?

Thoracic vertebra and transverse process rib

2

LPO projection of sternum places sternum where

In heart shadow

3

Breathing instructions for upper ribs

Inspiration

4

Joints in the costo cartilage

Interchondral

5

Projection demonstrates axillary portion of rib cage?

Obliques

6

CR Of upper ribs

Perpendicular at level of T7

7

Tubercle of rib articulates with what structure? Making what jt?

Transverse process of vertebra
Costotransverse

8

Pt can't lay prone for sternum image, so what position can be done?

LPO sternum

9

Ribs 1-7 attach to what bone anteriorly?

Sternum

10

Evaluation for PA Projection and supine CHEST

Entire lung fields (apices to costophrenic angles), no rotation, scapula out of lung field, 10 ribs, heart and diaphragm sharp outlines, rib and thoracic shadows through heart shadow, lung markings

11

Head of rib and body of vertebra create what jt?

Costovertebral

12

Top of IR when doing lateral sternum?

1 1/2 inches above jugular notch

13

How much rotation for oblique ribs

45

14

RAO/LAO which side is best demonstrated

Closest

15

To demonstrate posterior ribs what projection do you do?

Ap lower ribs

16

Ribs 8-10 attach to what anteriorly

Costal cartilage of 7th rib

17

Ap toes

15 degrees

18

AP Axial Foot

10

19

Ap axial clavicle

Standing 0-15
Supine 15-30

20

For pelvis for femoral necks (ap oblique modified cleaves) how much will pt abduct thighs? Equal on each side?

45 and yes

21

Pelvis for femoral necks ap oblique cleaves do you want to see femoral neck not Si by?

Great per trochanter

22

Pelvis acetabulum- internal- unaffected side?

Up

23

Pelvic outlet(Taylor method) shows what anatomy?

Rami

24

Pelvis acetabulum external oblique, affected side up or down?

Down

25

Pelvic inlet bridgeman shows what anatomy?

Pelvic ring

26

How are pts legs for lateral hip (lauenstein and hickey?)

Flexed and drawn up to almost 90 degree angle with hip

27

Evaluating lateral hip angulation in hickey method does what to femoral neck?

Shows without superimposition

28

How to find femoral neck

Draw imaginary line from ASIS to pubic symphysis another dorm superior to greater trochanter to middle of first line. Femoral neck is on that line

29

Femur is the _____, _____, and ______ bone in the body

Longest, strongest, heaviest

30

Parts of distal end of femur

Medial and lateral condyle, patellar surface, inter condylar fossa, medial and lateral epicondyles, sesamoid - fabella

31

Parts on proximal end of femur

Head, neck
Greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, fovea capitis, intertrochanteric crest, intertrochanteric line

32

Fovea capitis is for attachment of what

Ligaments

33

Intertrochanteric crest is located where

Posterior

34

Intertrochanteric line is located where?

Anterior

35

2 common fracture sites of femur

Femoral neck, intertrochanteric crest

36

Do you do femur projections Bucky or tabletop?

Bucky

37

AP femur CR

Perpendicular to mid femur

38

Ap femur what do you do if whole femur doesn't fit?

2 images

39

Ap femur when including the hip where do you place the IR

Top of IR at ASIS

40

Ap femur when including knee where do you place bottom of IR?

2 inches below knee jt

41

Ap femur how many degrees do you rotate leg? What does it do to neck of femur?

15-20 degrees elongates femoral neck. See it in profile

42

Ap femur how will epicondyles of femur be in relationship to IR?

Parallel

43

Ap femur including hip will lesser trochanter be seen?

No

44

Ap femur including hip which trochanter is shown in profile?

Greater

45

Ap femur including knee femoral epicondyles are what to the IR

Parallel

46

Lateral femur what type of projection is this?

Mediolateral

47

Lateral chest

Superior most ribs posterior to vertebral column arm or soft tissue not in lung field, long axis of lungs vertical without forward or backward leaning, lateral sternum, costophrenic angles, lower apices included, penetration of lungs and heart, open intervertebral disks, sharp outline of heart and diaphragm, hilum in center.

48

Rotation shows humeral head in profile

Neutral

49

Axiolateral Coyle pt bends Arm how many degrees to demonstrate coronoid process

80

50

View of elbow that demonstrates coronoid process

Internal oblique

51

Coyle method angle of tube to demonstrate coronoid process

45 degrees away from shoulder

52

Lateral femur cr

Perpendicular to mid femur

53

Lateral femur patella is seen how

In profile

54

Lateral knee what jt space is open?

Patellafemoral

55

Lateral femur epicondyles of femur are what to IR

Perpendicular

56

Lateral femur if pt is high risk of broken hip should you do this?

No

57

Pelvis hipbone is known as? 2 names

True and false

58

Why is the female and male pelvis different

Female is made for childbirth. Female wide light oval

59

True and false pelvis is divided by what? Called the ____ of pelvis

Oblique plane brim

60

Joints of the pelvis

Hip joint, pubic symphysis, sacroiliac jt

61

Rami are divided into

Superior and inferior
Pubic and ischial

62

Ap pelvis what landmark can you feel for rotation

ASIS

63

Ap pelvis how much do you turn in the lower limbs and why?

15-20 degrees medially elongate femoral neck

64

Ap femur top of IR should be how many inches above iliac crest

1-1 1/2

65

Coyle method trauma elbow to demonstrate radial head pt flex arm how much

90 degrees

66

Homblad how much do you flex knee

70

67

Ap humerus demonstrated in profile

Greater tubercle humeral head

68

Lateral humerus demonstrated in profile

Lesser Tubercle

69

Ap neutral humerus top of IR goes

1 1/2 above humeral head

70

Ap scapula process seen?

Acromion

71

C1

Mastoid tip

72

C2,c3

Gonion

73

Why do we do a left lateral chest more than a right?

Places heart closer to IR less magnified heart image

74

Why do we xray patient in upright position

Prevent engorgement of vessels, allows gravity to depress diaphragm, shows air fluid levels

75

Where does trachea extend ? Structure it runs between

Larynx to bronchi

76

Why breathing technique allows us to visualize sternum

Blurs lung markings

77

Ribs clearly demonstrated on ap upper ribs

1-10

78

Why shoot on expiration when imaging lower ribs

Move diaphragm up

79

Ribs you use more chest technique and ribs you use more abdomen?

Upper chest
Lower abdomen

80

Sid for lateral sternum

72

81

Pt places arms and hands for lateral sternum

Rotate shoulders back and lock hands behind back

82

View of sternum where is sternum is perpendicular to IR

True lateral sternum

83

3 segments of sternum

Many brim, body,xiphoid

84

Sternal angle is located where on sternum?

Between manubrium and body

85

Tip of sternum

Xiphoid

86

Why do an oblique sternum

Shows sternum without SI of vertebrae

87

30" Sid does what to pt dose?

Increases

88

RAO sternum which chest requires more angulation

Shallow requires more

89

2 respirations can be used for RAO sternum

Expiration, breathing technique

90

Ribs 8-12 called?

False ribs because they don't attach to sternum

91

Pt head for unilateral pa sc jt?

Torn head towards affected side

92

End of clavicle seen on PA sc jt?

Sterna extremity

93

Pelvis for femoral necks (ap oblique or modified cleaves) cr

IR 1 inch superior to public symphysis

94

Evaluating ap pelvis are lesser trochanters seen?

Very little to none

95

Evaluating AP pelvis what is shown in profile

Greater trochanter

96

Evaluating ap pelvis what structures will be symmetric ensuring no rotation?

ASIS

97

Pelvis for femoral necks (ap oblique or modified cleaves) how does patient place legs for this projection

Rotate the legs abductly 45 degrees "frog out wards"

98

Pelvis for femoral necks (ap oblique or modified cleaves) What can pt do to make this easier to hold

Turn feet inward and bare soles of feet together

99

Pelvis acetabulum external oblique how much do you rotate patients body

45 degrees

100

Trams thoracic lateral trauma Lawrence CR

Perpendicular to IR enter at level of surgical neck

101

Pa axial projection (camp Coventry) cr

Perpendicular to long axis of lower leg and centered to knee. Knee flexed 40 degrees tube 40 degrees

102

Pelvis acetabulum-internal oblique how much do you rotate patients body

45 degrees

103

What bones make the elbow joint

Proximal radius
Prox ulna
Distal humerus

104

Part of scapula humeral head sits

Glenoid cavity

105

Where's the IR for ap and lateral humerus go

1 1/2 above level of humeral head

106

Ap neutral humerus trauma part position

Palm on thigh, epicondyles 45 degrees

107

Ap neutral trauma humerus epicondyles

45 to IR

108

Navicular

Scaphoid

109

Lunate

Semilunar

110

Pisiform

No other names

111

Trapezium

Greater multangular

112

Trapezoid

Lesser multangular

113

Capitate

Os magnum

114

Lateral media lateral foot: what side does pt lie on ?

Affected

115

Lateral mediolateral calcareous pt lies on which side

Affected

116

For lateral toes 1&2 patient lies on which side

Unaffected

117

For lateral toes 3-5 patient will lie on which side

Affected

118

Names of malleoli where are they located?

Lateral malleolus- fibula
Medial malleolus-tibia

119

Cr for RAO sternum

Perpendicular to IR enters elevated side at level of T7 approximately 1" lateral to MSP

120

Pa axial method holmblad cr?

Perpendicular to lower leg, midpoint of IR

121

Cr plantodorsal axial calcaneus

40 degrees cephalic and base of third metatarsal

122

Cr ulnar deviation

Perpendicular to scaphoid

123

Calcaneus dorsoplantar cr

40 degree caudal enters dorsal long axis of foot

124

Ap hip how much do you rotate the lower limb

15 - 20 elongates femoral necks

125

Evaluating ap hip what's in profile?

Greater trochanter

126

Ap hip do you see lesser trochanter

No

127

Axiolateral hip cr should pass through

Femoral neck

128

Axiolateral hip do you use a grid

Yes

129

Pelvis acetabulum external oblique cr

Center affected hip to IR. IR- perpendicular to IR and entering at pubic symphysis

130

Cr Ap axial clavicle

15-30 degree caudal mid clavicle

131

Axiolateral projection of hip we do this projection if the pt has a suspected?

Fracture

132

Axiolateral hip IR should be ____ with femoral neck

Parallel

133

Axiolateral hip what tool could be used to improve image and lessen chance of repeat

Compensating filter

134

Axiolateral hip entire ____ jt should be seen

Hip

135

Modified axiolateral hip cr

15 posterior enters femoral neck

136

Will you see rotation of sc jts on bilateral examination?

No

137

Lateral weight bearing lateromedial cr?

Perpendicular to just above base of third metatarsal

138

Sesamoid cr for holly method?

Perpendicular to head of first metatarsal

139

Sesamoid cr for the Lewis method

Perpendicular tangential to first Mtp joint

140

Ap wrist

Carpal inter spaces better shown

141

Unciform

Hamate

142

What do you see on ap foot

Foreign bodies
Open joint spaces between medial and intermedia cuneiform

143

Angle on dorsoplantar calcaneus

40 caudal

144

Angle on plantodorsal calcaneus

40 cephalic

145

Medial oblique foot demonstrates

Cuboid

146

What bones make up shoulder jt

Proximal humerus, clavicle, scapula

147

Neer method pt position

Seated or standing facing board

148

Lateral boarder of scapula known as?

Axillary

149

Medial border of scapula known as

Vertebral border

150

Subtalar jt is seem on what image

Plantodorsal calcaneus

151

Lateral scapula posterior oblique when would you do this

Pt arm couldn't move

152

LAO / RAO lateral scapula patient position

Standing facing board, hands behind back. 40-60 rotation