FARR Classic/relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FARR Classic/relevant Treatments Deck (90):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

5

Alcohol abuse

AA + disulfiram for patient and Al-Anon for family

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

SSRis

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

10

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 supplementation (work up cause with Schilling test)

11

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin, finasteride

12

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine (mood
stabilizers)

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger's disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia

SSRis

16

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitis)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol (overproducer)

20

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-a

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

lmatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

25

Crohn's disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab

26

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

27

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

28

Cystic fibrosis

N-acetylcysteine + antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/ azithromycin)

29

Cytomegalovirus

Acyclovir

30

Depression

SSRis (first-line)

31

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

32

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low-sugar) + insulin replacement

33

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin (possible)

34

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

35

Enterococci

Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside

36

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil, vardenafil

37

ER-positive breast cancer

Tamoxifen

38

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

39

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

40

Generalized anxiety disorder

Buspirone

41

Heparin toxicity (acute)

Protamine sulfate

42

HER2/neu-positive breast cancer

Trastuzumab

43

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

44

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first-line)

45

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

46

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

47

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile

48

Influenza

Rimantadine, oseltamivir

49

Legionella pneumophila

Erythromycin

50

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin

51

Malaria

Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

52

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

53

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

54

Migraine

Sumatriptan

55

MRSA

Vancomycin

56

Multiple sclerosis

beta-interferon, immunosuppression, natalizumab

57

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

58

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add azythromycin to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)

59

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

60

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

61

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

62

Osteoporosis

Bisphosphonates; calcium and vitamin D supplementation

63

Patent ductus arteriosus

Indomethacin

64

Pheochromocytoma

a-antagonists (e.g., phenoxybenzamine)

65

Pneumocystis jirovecii

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient

66

Prolactinoma

Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

67

Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

68

Prostate carcinoma

Flutamide

69

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside

70

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

71

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)

72

Ringworm infections

Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole

73

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

5-HTZA antagonists (e.g., second-generation antipsychotics)

74

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

D2 receptor antagonists (e.g., first- and second-generation
antipsychotics

75

SIADH

Demeclocycline, lithium, vasopressin receptor antagonists

76

Sickle cell anemia

Hydroxyurea (t fetal hemoglobin)

77

Sporothrix schenckii

Oral potassium chloride

78

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

79

Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA: amoxicillin, (antistaphylococcal penicillins); MRSA: vancomycin

80

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia),
vancomycin (meningitis)

81

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

82

Temporal arteritis

High-close steroids

83

Tonic-clonic seizures

Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

84

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

85

Treponema pallidwn

Penicillin

86

Trichomonas vagina/is

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

87

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA, infliximab

88

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

89

Warfarin toxicity

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vitamin K (chronic)

90

Wegener's granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids