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Flashcards in MTB Gyne Deck (10):
0

Contraindications of HRT

Breast or endometrial cancer
DVT or PE

1

Postcoital bleeding is

Cervical cancer until proven otherwise

2

Menorrhagia causes

Endometrial hyperplasia adenomyosis
Uterine fibroid
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
IUD
PCOS

3

Metrorrhagia causes

Endometrial polyps
Endometrial/cervical cancer
Exogenous estrogen
Endometriosis

4

Oligomenorrhea >35 days

Pregnancy
Menopause
Weight loss

6

Types of vaginitis

Bacterial Gardnerella
Candidiasis
Trachomons

7

Premenstrual syndrome
Symptoms

• Headache
• Breasttenderness
• Pelvic pain and bloating
• Irritability and lack of energy

Patient should decrease consumption of caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes, and chocolate and should exercise. If symptoms are severe, give SSRis.

8

Danazol is an

androgen derivative that is associated with acne, oily skin, weight gain, and hirsutism.

9

Leuprolide acetate (leupron) is a

GnRH agonist and when given continuously suppresses estrogen. Leuprolide is associated with hot flashes and decreased bone density.

10

PCOS symptoms

• Amenorrheaorirregularmenses
• Hirsutism and obesity
• Acne
• Diabetes mellitus Type 2 (increased insulin resistance)