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Flashcards in FARR Paediatrics Deck (24):
1

Nontender abdominal mass associated with elevated VMA and HVA.

Neuroblastoma.

2

The most common type of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Diagnosis?

Esophageal atresia with distal TEF (85%). Unable to pass NG tube.

3

Not contraindications to vaccination.

Mild illness and/or low-grade fever, current antibiotic therapy, and prematurity.

4

Tests to rule out shaken baby syndrome

Ophthalmologic exam, CT, and MRI.

5

A neonate has meconium ileus.

CF or Hirschsprung’s disease.

6

Bilious emesis within hours after the first feeding.

Duodenal atresia.

7

A two-month-old baby presents with nonbilious projectile emesis. What are the appropriate steps in management?

Correct metabolic abnormalities. Then correct pyloric stenosis with pyloromyotomy.

8

The most common 1° immunodeficiency.

Selective IgA deficiency.

9

An infant has a high fever and onset of rash as fever breaks. What is he at risk for?

Febrile seizures (roseola infantum).

10

Acute-phase treatment for Kawasaki disease.

High-dose aspirin for inflammation and fever; IVIG to prevent coronary artery aneurysms.

11

Treatment for mild and severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia.

Phototherapy (mild) or exchange transfusion (severe).

12

Sudden onset of mental status changes, emesis, and liver dysfunction after taking aspirin.

Reye’s syndrome.

13

A child has loss of red light reflex. Diagnosis?

Suspect retinoblastoma.

14

Vaccinations at a six-month well-child visit.

HBV, DTaP, Hib, IPV, PCV.

15

Tanner stage 3 in a six-year-old girl.

Precocious puberty.

16

Infection of small airways with epidemics in winter and spring.

RSV bronchiolitis.

17

Cause of neonatal RDS.

Surfactant deficiency.

18

A condition associated with red “currant-jelly” stools.

Intussusception.

19

A congenital heart disease that causes 2° hypertension.

Coarctation of the aorta.

20

First-line treatment for otitis media.

Amoxicillin × 10 days.

21

The most common pathogen causing croup.

Parainfluenza virus type 1.

22

A homeless child is small for his age and has peeling skin and a swollen belly.

Kwashiorkor (protein malnutrition).

23

Defect in an X-linked syndrome with mental retardation, gout, self-mutilation, and choreoathetosis.

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (purine salvage problem with HGPRTase deficiency).

24

A newborn girl has a continuous “machinery murmur.”

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)