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Flashcards in FARR Ethics Deck (11):
1

True or false: Once patients sign a statement giving consent,
they must continue treatment.

False. Patients may change their minds at any time. Exceptions to the requirement of informed consent include emergency situations and patients without decision-making capacity.

2

A 15-year-old pregnant girl requires hospitalization for preeclampsia. Is parental consent required?

No. Parental consent is not necessary for the medical treatment of pregnant minors.

3

A doctor refers a patient for an MRI at a facility he/she owns.

Conflict of interest.

4

Involuntary psychiatric hospitalization can be undertaken for which three reasons?

The patient is a danger to self, a danger to others, or gravely disabled (unable to provide for basic needs).

5

True or false: Withdrawing a nonbeneficial treatment is ethically similar to withholding a nonindicated one.

True.

6

When can a physician refuse to continue treating a patient on the grounds of futility?

When there is no rationale for treatment, maximal intervention is failing, a given intervention has already failed, and treatment will not achieve the goals of care.

7

An eight-year-old child is in a serious accident. She requires emergent transfusion, but her parents are not present.

Treat immediately. Consent is implied in emergency situations.

8

Conditions in which confidentiality must be overridden

Real threat of harm to third parties; suicidal intentions; certain contagious diseases; elder and child abuse.

9

Involuntary commitment or isolation for medical treatment may be undertaken for what reason?

When treatment noncompliance represents a serious danger to public health (e.g., active TB).

10

A 10-year-old child presents in status epilepticus, but her parents refuse treatment on religious grounds.

Treat because the disease represents an immediate threat to the child’s life. Then seek a court order.

11

A son asks that his mother not be told about her recently discovered cancer.

A physician can withhold information from the patient only in the rare case of therapeutic privilege or if the patient requests not to be told. A patient’s family cannot require the physician to withhold information from the patient.