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Flashcards in MTB Psych Deck (15):
1

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Definition

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by inattention, short attention span, or hyperactivity that is severe enough to interfere with daily functioning in school, home, or work. The symptoms must be present for more than 6 months and usually appear before the age of 7. The symptoms may persist into adulthood.

2

First line in the treatment of ADHD includes

methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine. Side effects include insomnia, decreased appetite, and headache.

3

Psychotherapy such as cognitive therapy has been proven to be effective. The goal ofcognitive therapy is to

reduce depression by teaching patients to identify negative cognitions and develop positive ways of thinking.

4

Serotonin Syndrome
Common symptoms include:

•Cognitive effects: agitation, confusion, hallucinations, hypomania
• Autonomic effects: sweating, hyperthermia, tachycardia, nausea, diarrhea, shivering
• Somatic effects: tremors, myoclonus

5

Autistic disorder

Lacks peer relationships, poor eye contact and social smile. Absent or bizarre speech. Repetitive behaviors such
as spinning or banging head as well as self-injurious behavior.

6

Rett disorder

Progressive encephalopathy, microcephaly, hand- wringing, loss of speech, ataxia, and psychomotor retardation

7

Asperger disorder

Problems in social interaction and behaviors, but with
no language or intellectual deficits. Preoccupied with rules.

8

Childhood developmental disorders

Autistic disorder
Rett disorder
Asperger disorder

9

Dysthymia

Symptoms must be present for more than 2 years. Treatment is with antidepressant medications and psychotherapy.

10

In emergency situation with psychosis

olanzapine

11

Psychosis If non-compliance

risperidone

12

xxx is used when patients do not respond to an adequate trial of typical or atypical antipsychotics; never used as a first-line treatment.

Clozapine

13

GAD

This is a disorder in which patients experience excessive anxiety and worry about most things, lasting more than 6 months.

14

Flumazenil is a benzodiazepine antagonist used only when:

• The overdose is acute
and
• You are certain that there is no chronic dependence

15

Alcoholism

• Detoxification: usually 5 to 10 days, mostly in hospital settings to assure safe detoxification
• Rehabilitation:usually28daysormore,withafocusonrelapsepreven- tion techniques
• Alcoholics Anonymous
• Narcotics Anonymous
• Pharmacologic treatments: often include disulfram (acetaldehyde dehydro-
genase inhibitor), naltrexone (opioid receptor antagonist), and acamprosate