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Flashcards in Feeding Deck (52):
1

What is an insectivorous dentition like?

Chitin, sharp cones and blades, procument incisors

2

What is a carnivore stomach like?

Short intestine and colon small cecum

2

What is a folivore?

Leaf eater

3

What are common adaptations in dogs and cats to aid foraging?

Acute smell and hearing, binocular vision, dentition

3

What is larder cacheing?

Concentration of food at one site

4

What is the stomach of vampire bats like?

Long and tubular to store blood to enhance water absorption

5

What is the main focus of fermentation in the hindgut?

Short passage time. Focus on bulk consumption

6

How are fishing bats adapted?

Long claws

7

What is a ruminant herbivore stomach like?

4 chambered stomach, large rumen, long small and large intestine

7

What is the sagittal crest?

Top of skull to which the jaw muscles attach

9

What kind of teeth do aardvarks have?

columnar cheek teeth

9

How are vampire bats adapted for eating blood?

Bite contains anticoagulant to prevent clotting

11

What is myrmecophagy?

Consumption of termites or ants

11

How is a koala adapted to its diet?

Grinding molars, powerful jaw, enlarged caecum, small stomach, detoxifying bacteria

12

What is special about the kidney of vampire bats?

Can tolerate osmotic stress from feeding on blood

13

How do dogs pursuit their prey?

Social flexibility, opportunists

14

What is the teeth of a mammal which eats ants teeth like?

Peglike, reduced teeth

15

What is coprophagy?

Eating faeces or dung

16

What is an advantage of a herbivorous diet?

Dont have to pursuit prey, plentiful

17

How do fishing bats find fish?

Echolocation off surface

18

What is unqiue about aquatic herbivores molars?

Continuous replacement

19

What is the adaptation of the pseudo thumb?

Allows the pando to grip bamboo stems

20

What is bad about being a folivore?

Low nutrient content

21

What is the pandas thumb?

Modified wrist bone

22

What other specialisations do ant eating mammals have?

Extended tongue and snout, digging limbs

24

What the carnassial shear

Cheek teeth which allow carnivores to tear meat apart

25

What is the caecum?

Pouch connected to the junction of the small and large intestine

27

What sensory adaptations do star nosed moles have for fossorial feeding?

Eimer's organ

28

How do cats pursuit their prey?

Retractile laws, large ears, tongue covered in papillae

29

What is a herbivores skull and dentition specialised for?

Grazing, browsing and gnawing

29

What is an omnivores dentition like

Versatile. Piercing front teeth, flattened cheek teeth

30

What is a herbivores dentition like?

Reduced canines, diastema from no incisors, grinding molars

32

Why is surplus killing useful?

Save food until it is less abundant

34

What is an insectivore stomach like?

Short intestine, no cecum

35

What is stereoscopic vision?

Perception of depth and 3D structure from visual information

36

What is food cacheing?

Sotage of food in locations hidden from the sigh of both conspecifics

36

What is the main focus of fermentation in the foregut?

Slow passage time

38

How do frog eating bats use echolocation?

Texture of frog's skin to distinguish between toxic/non-toxic species

38

What is a disadvantage of a herbivorous diet?

Low energy. Need to take large volumes

40

What is unique about rodent incisors?

Continual growth

41

How are sloths adapted to their diet?

Stomachs with multiple compartments with symbiotic bacteria to break down leaves

42

What is the function of the 3rd finger in primates?

Tap trees to hear invertebrates and to probe out of crevices

43

What is unique about a bats diet?

Generalist and opportunistic feeders

44

What is the function of coprophagy?

Re-absorption of nutrients as it moves too quickly through the digestive system

45

What is a nonrumiant herbivore stomach like?

Simple stomach and large cecum

46

What is surplus killing?

Killing more prey than they can immediately eat

47

How do Eimer's organs help to forage?

Detect structures and shapes. Fluid in each sinus transmits information to sensory neurons

48

What is scatter cacheing?

One food stored at each cache site

49

What is the Ailurid radial sesamoid?

Panda pseudo thumb

50

What is a carnivore dentition like?

Large canines, pronounced carnassials

51

How are bats specialised for nectivory?

Elongated snouts, reduced teeth, protrusible tongue

52

What is viscous saliva?

Thick, sticky consistancy for the break down of chitin