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Biology Of Mammals > Skeleton/Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeleton/Muscles Deck (40):
1

What is the pelvis like in ceteans?

Vestigial. No locomotive function.

1

What is the autopodium?

Distant part of limb: hand or foot

2

How many bones are in more therians pectoral girdle?

2

2

What are somatic muscles?

Skeletal, voluntary

3

Where the pelvic girdle fused?

Ischiopubic symohysis

3

What is the variation of the manus and pes based on?

Locomotion type

4

What are nonsomatic muscles?

Visceral (cardiac), involuntary

5

Which species have strong clavicles?

Squirrels

5

What is the pes?

Foot or hind foot

7

How many cervial vertebrae are there?

7

7

What is the Hallux?

Big toe

9

How many thoracic vertebrae are there?

12-15

10

Where are the thoracic vertebrae?

In the chest

11

Which animals have less cervical vertebrae?

Sloths and manatees

12

What makes up the appenidcular skeleton?

Girdles, limbs, hands, feet, pelvis

13

What is the propodium?

Upper limb

14

What does the structure of the cervial vertebrae allow?

The skull to idependently move both vertically and horizontally

15

What is the manus?

Hand or forefoot

17

How man caudal vertebrae are there?

3-5

18

How many lumbar vertebrae are there?

4-7

18

What is the epipodium?

Lower limb

19

How is the pelvic girdle joint?

Sacroiliac joint

20

How many sacral vertebrae are there?

3-5

21

Which pectoral bone is reduced or lost in cursorial animals?

Clavicle

22

Which are the first cervical vertebrates behind the back of the skull?

Atlas and axis

23

How many pairs of ribs do whales have?

9

25

How is the pectoral girdle joint?

Sling appendicular muscles

26

What is the pollex?

Thumb

28

What makes up the axial skeleton?

Skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum

29

Which bones are in the epipodium?

Radius, ulna, tibia and fibula

31

How many pairs of ribs do sloths have?

24

32

How many digits is the ancestral number?

5

33

What is the name of the hominoid caudal?

Coccyx

34

What is the average number of pairs of ribs?

12

35

Which bones are in the propodium?

Humerus and femur

36

Where are the lumbar vertebrae located?

Bottom of the back

37

Which 3 bones are in the pelvic girdle?

Ilium, Ischium, Pubis

38

What is the main adaptation of the skull for?

Foraging

39

What are the 2 bones in the pectoral girdle?

Scapula and clavicle

40

What does the fusion of caudal vertebrae create?

Tail