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Biology Of Mammals > Primates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Primates Deck (63):
1

What are the features of strepsirrhini?

Rhinarium, Toothcomb, Bicornuate uterus

1

What are features of hylobatidae?

Arboreal, brachiation, tailless

2

What is the adaptation for a larger brain in primates?

Maintain social information and status within the groups

2

Where are the old world monkeys from?

Africa and South East Asia

2

Which genus is within Hominoidea?

Gorrilla, Pan, Pongo, Homo

3

What form of feeding do lemuridae have?

Herbivorous, frugivorous

4

Which species are in scandentia?

Tree shrew

4

What type of nose do haplorrihini's have?

Separate nose with full continuous lip

4

What is the origin of stepsirrhines?

African

4

What are the features of cercopithecidae?

Omnivores, simple stomachs and cheek pouches

5

What order is in strepsirrhini?

Lemuriformes

6

How do howler monkeys make the noise?

Enlarged hyoid bone

6

What do hylobatidae use singing for?

Territorial defence and family defence

7

What are lemuridae groups like?

Highly social and terrestrial

8

What are the features of indriidae?

Vocal, folivorous, bipedal leaping

9

What are the features of catarrhini?

Narrow septum, downward pointing nostrils

9

Which species are in hylonatidae?

Gibbons and siamang

10

What are the old world monkeys?

Catarrhini

12

What is the primate skull morphology?

Forward facing eyes, postorbital bar

13

What is primate sight like?

Binocular stereoscopic vision

14

What features do Tarsiidae have?

Highly adapted night vision, elongated tarsals, retained grasping metatarsal digits

15

Which species are in Cheirogaleidae?

Dwarf and mouse lemur

15

Which species are in lorisidae?

Lorises and pottos

16

Which animals are in indriidae?

Wooly lemurs, sifakas

17

Which orders are closely related to primates but not part of the order?

Dermoptera and Scandentia

18

Which species are in the cebidae?

Marmosets, tamarins, capuchins, squirrel monkeys

19

What are feature of aotidae?

Monochromotic vision, vocal, male caring

20

Why do mammals have a reduced muzzle?

Rely more on sight than smell

21

What are the features of daubentoniidae?

Noturnal, solitary, specialised dentition and digits.

22

What are the features of lepilemuridae?

Folivorous, bacterial digestion, Low BMR

23

What is primate reproduction like?

Slower maturation, longer life span, more extended and complex parental care

25

Which families are in Lemuroidea?

Lepilemuridae, Indriidae, Daubentoniidae

26

Whuch sspecies are in pitheciidae?

Titi

27

Which species are in aotidae?

Night monkeys, howler, spife, spider monkeys

28

What are features of the cebidae?

Specialised insectivores, sap feeders, digits have claws

30

What are the 5 families?

Cheirogalediae, Lemuridae, Lemuroidea, , Lorisoidea

31

What is the social structure of hylobatidae?

Monoganous, extensive male care

32

How are spider monkeys adapted to being semi brachiators?

Prehensile tail

33

What are primate teeth like?

Heterodont

33

What is heterodonty like?

Different types of teeth

35

What are features of galagidae?

Large eyes and ears, arboreal, insect feeders

36

What is the function of the toothcomb?

Grooming

37

How many families of new world monkeys are there?

5

38

What are the families of new world monkeys?

Cebidae, Callitrichidae, Aotidae, Atelidae, Pitheciidae

39

What animals are in lepilemuridae?

Sportive lemurs

40

Which animals of lemuridae show sexual dichromatism?

Black lemur. Males are black, females are cream

41

What is the social structure of aotidae?

Simple pair bonds

43

Which species are in Dermoptera?

Flying lemurs

44

What features are in lemuridae?

Elongated rostrum, broad diastema, sexual dichromatism, long tail

46

What are the features of haplorrihini?

Lack rhinarium, simplex uterus

48

How are primates adapted to foraging?

Grasping limbs, arboreal, digit mobility, nails replacing claaws

50

What is the rhinarium?

Lips split across the teeth

52

Which species are in galagidae?

Galagos (bushbabies)

53

What are cebidae social groups like?

Social flexibility in small family groups

55

What are the sub orders in primates?

Strepsirrhini and Haplorrihini

56

What are the new world monkeys?

Platyrrhini

57

What are features of hominoidea?

Single young, extended development, sexual dimorphism, tool use, culture.

58

What is the social structure of pitheciidae?

Small family groups, male care givers

59

What is the super family of lemuriformes?

Lemuroidea

60

Which species are in cercopithecidae?

Mangabey, geuenon, vervet, macaque, baboon

61

Which animals are in daubentoniidae?

Aye aye

62

How many families are in lemuroidea?

5

63

Which 2 families are in lorisoidea?

Lorisidae, galagidae