How can territory be shown with olfactory signals?
Urine, Faeces, Marking, Latrines
What does echolocation allow?
Viewing of the environment
How are calls produced?
Nasal clicks, tongue clicks, larynx
What are the intraspecific variation in echolocation?
Call design, Collision avoidance, Decrease call duration
What are the characterisations of calls?
Intensity, Time, Frequency, Sequence
How do tenrecs emit echolocations?
Tongue clicks rather than squeaks
Who did the study on the discovery of echolocation in bats?
Griffin and Galambos
What do shrews use echolocation for?
What is high duty calling?
Separate call and echo in frequency
Which animals emit infrasonic calls?
Which other animals use echolocation?
Shrews, Tenrecs, Marine mammals, Birds
What is the tragus?
What are forms of visual communication?
What does the pinna do?
Focus and amplify sound
What are social calls for?
Roosts, Hinernacula, Mating sites
What does the doppler effect allow?
Finding moving targets, target detection, localisation
What is functional about self-deafening in bats?
Which animals emit ultrasonic calls?
Bats and Rats
Where are scent glands located?
Facial, Abdominal, Skin
What are acoustic calls?
What are the chemical olfactory signals?
What is low duty calling?
Separate call and echo in time
How does the mouth and lips help with the production on ecolocation?
How do facial expressions transfer information?
Markings, teeth, ears, weapons
What can olfactory signals show?
Dominance and Territory
What are tactile methods of communication?
What does the tragus do?
Creates secondary echo
How have moths co-evolved to echolocation in bats?
Moths thoracic sound-producing organ interfere with bats
What are auditory communications?
What are the different parts of calls?
Bandwidth, narrowband, broadband
What is a high frequency in wavelength?