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Biology Of Mammals > Sensory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sensory Deck (31):
1

How can territory be shown with olfactory signals?

Urine, Faeces, Marking, Latrines

2

What does echolocation allow?

Viewing of the environment

2

How are calls produced?

Nasal clicks, tongue clicks, larynx

2

What are the intraspecific variation in echolocation?

Call design, Collision avoidance, Decrease call duration

3

What are the characterisations of calls?

Intensity, Time, Frequency, Sequence

5

How do tenrecs emit echolocations?

Tongue clicks rather than squeaks

6

Who did the study on the discovery of echolocation in bats?

Griffin and Galambos

7

What do shrews use echolocation for?

Habitat assessment

7

What is high duty calling?

Separate call and echo in frequency

7

Which animals emit infrasonic calls?

Elephant rumbling

8

Which other animals use echolocation?

Shrews, Tenrecs, Marine mammals, Birds

10

What is the tragus?

Blade-like structure

11

What are forms of visual communication?

Posture, Structural

12

What does the pinna do?

Focus and amplify sound

13

What are social calls for?

Roosts, Hinernacula, Mating sites

15

What does the doppler effect allow?

Finding moving targets, target detection, localisation

17

What is functional about self-deafening in bats?

Insulation

18

Which animals emit ultrasonic calls?

Bats and Rats

19

Where are scent glands located?

Facial, Abdominal, Skin

20

What are acoustic calls?

Infrasonic, ultrasonic

21

What are the chemical olfactory signals?

Pheromones.

22

What is low duty calling?

Separate call and echo in time

23

How does the mouth and lips help with the production on ecolocation?

Megaphone

24

How do facial expressions transfer information?

Markings, teeth, ears, weapons

25

What can olfactory signals show?

Dominance and Territory

26

What are tactile methods of communication?

Grooming, Precopulatory

27

What does the tragus do?

Creates secondary echo

28

How have moths co-evolved to echolocation in bats?

Moths thoracic sound-producing organ interfere with bats

29

What are auditory communications?

Alarm calls

30

What are the different parts of calls?

Bandwidth, narrowband, broadband

31

What is a high frequency in wavelength?

Short wavelength