final ch. 13 Flashcards Preview

psychology > final ch. 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in final ch. 13 Deck (33):
1

psychodynamic therapies

attempt to uncover repressed childhood experiences that thought to explain a patient's current difficulties

2

techniques used in psychodynamic therapy

free association, dream analysis

3

free association

a psychoanalytic technique used to explore the unconscious by having patient reveal whatever thoughts, feelings, or images come to mind

4

dream analysis

Frued believed that areas of emotional concern repressed in waking life are sometimes expressed in symbolic form in dreams and patients behavior may have a symbolic quality as well

5

carl rogers person-centered therapy

the therapist create an accepting climate and hows empathy, freeing clients to be themselves and realizing their natural tendency towards self-actualization

6

gestalt therapy

a therapy organized by fritz pearl and that emphasized the importance of clients' fully experiencing, in the present moment, their feelings, thoughts, and actions and taking responsibility for them

7

relationship therapies

therapies that attempt to improve clients' interpersonal relationships or create new relationships to support clients' efforts to address psychological problems

8

family therapy

therapy involving an entire family. with the goal of helping family members reach agreement on changes that will help heal the family unit, improve communication problems. and create more understanding and harmony within group

9

group therapy

a form of therapy in with several clients (7-10) meet regularly with one or more therapist to resolve personal problems

10

self-help group

provide may individuals with the support they need to overcome self-destructive behaviros

11

token economy

a behavior modification technique that rewards appropriate behavior with tokens that can be exchanged later for desired goods and/or privileges

12

time out

a behavior modification technique used to eliminate undesirable behaviors, especially in in children and adolescence, by withdrawing all reinforces for period of time

13

systematic desensitization works

a behavior therapy that is based on classical conditioning and used to treat fears by training clients in deep muscle relaxation and then having them confront a graduate series of anxiety-producing situations (real or imagined) until they can remain relaxed while confronting even most feared situation

14

flooding

behavior modification technique used to eliminate undesirable behavior, especially in children and adolescents, withdrawing all reinforces for a period of time

15

the process of exposure and response prevention

a behavior therapy that exposes patients with obsessive-complusice disorder to stimuli that trigger obsessions and compulsive rituals, while patients resist performing the compulsive ritual for progressively longer prions of time

16

aversion therapy

behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with harmful or socially undesirable behavior until the behavior becomes associated with pain/discomfort

17

participants modeling

a behavior therapy in which appropriate response to feared stimulus is modeled in graduated steps and the client attempts to imitate the model step by step, encouraged and supported by the therapist

18

Ellis' REBT

rational emotive behavior therapy- designed to challenge clients' irrational beliefs about themselves and others

19

Becks cognitive therapy

a therapy designed by aaron beck to help clients stop their cognitive errors as hey occur and replace them with more objective thoughts

20

the side effects of antipsychotic medication

tardive dyskinesia- almost continual twitching and jerking movements of the face and tongue, and squirming movements of the hands and trunk

21

SSRI

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors- block the retake of the neurotransmitters serotonin increasing the availability at the synapse in the brain. few side effects/ treating many disorders

22

"wonder drug" for bipolar disorder

lithium- a drug used to treat bipolar disorder, which at proper maintenance dosage reduces both manic and depressive episodes

23

benzodiazepines

(xanax, valium) used to treat anxiety, prescribed more often than any other class of psychoactive drugs

24

the disadvantages of drug therapy

difficulty in establishing the proper dosage, do not cure psychological disorders, leading people to relapse when their symptoms are released because they stop taking drugs

25

patients that benefit from ECT

biological therapy in which electric current is passed through the right hemisphere of the brain; usually reserved for patients with server depression who are suicidal

26

what condition is cingulotomy used for?

psychosurgery

27

e-therapy

online support group

28

culturally sensitive therapy

a approach to therapy in which knowledge of clients' cultural backgrounds guides the choice of therapeutic interventions

29

gender-sensitive therapy

an approach to therapy that takes into account the effects of gender on both the therapist's and the clients's behavior

30

what consumer reports found regarding psychotherapy

how the clients rate therapies
Overall clients fell as though they benefited substantially from psychotherapy
Clients seemed equally satisfied with their therapy, whether it was provided by a psychologist, a psychiatrist, or social worker
Patients who took a drug (Prozac/ Xanax) believed it helped them, but overall psychotherapy alone seemed to work about as well as psychotherapy plus drugs

31

what is the relationship between time in therapy and improvement?

patients who were in therapy for more than 6 months did considerably better than the rest; vernally the longer a patient stays int therapy the more they improve

32

psychiatrist

a medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of metal illness

33

psychologist

an expert or specialist in psychology