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Flashcards in Final Exam Microbiology Deck (66)
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1

Bacteria, Archaea, eukarya

Domain

2

Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.

Classification system

3

One, the microorganism must be found in all diseased organisms, not in healthy organisms two, the microorganism must be isolated from a diseased organism and grown in pure culture three, the cultured microorganism should cause the disease when introduced into healthy organism four, the microorganism must be reisolated from the diseased, inoculated host and identified as being identical to the original specific causative agent

Koch's postulates

4

Exact composition is not known

Complex media

5

Protein channel that contains the enzyme Blank. When protons flow through, energy is released and used by this enzyme to synthesize ATP from ADP

ATP synthase

6

NAD+ +2 electrons + 1 proton yields NADH

Two electrons, one proton

7

FAD +2 protons +2 electrons yields FADH2

Two protons and two electrons

8

Protons moving across a cytoplasmic membrane/concentration gradient. Used to make ATP

Chemiosmosis

9

Prevents cross-linking of peptidoglycan in gram-positive bacteria. Affects cell wall synthesis.

Penicillin

10

Require oxygen to grow

Obligate aerobes

11

Killed by O2

Obligate anaerobes

12

Makes ATP with O2 present but is capable of fermentation or anaerobic respiration

Facultative anaerobes

13

The removal of all microorganisms and endospores

Sterilization

14

The removal of microbes from eating utensils and food preparation

sanitization

15

When a person is exposed to a microorganism or foreign substance and the immune system responds (vaccine)

Adaptive immunity, active

16

When antibodies are transferred from one person to another, only last a few weeks, placenta and milk

Adaptive immunity, passive

17

Antigen enter and induce antibodies or mothers antibodies to fetus or infant

Naturally acquired, adaptive immunity

18

Vaccines, or preformed antibodies are injected passively

Artificially acquired, adaptive immunity

19

An arthropod that carries a disease causing organisms from one host to another host

Vector

20

Phagocytosis

White blood cells, neutrophils

21

Create histamine

White blood cells, basophils

22

Create toxic proteins against parasites

White blood cells, eSinophils

23

Mature into macrophages, phagocytosis

White blood cells, monocytes

24

Initiation of immune response, phagocytosis.

White blood cells, dendritic cells

25

Destroy target cells by cytolysis and apoptosis

White blood cells, lymphocyte

26

Cell mediated immunity

White blood cells, T cells

27

Produce anti-bodies

White blood cells, the B cells

28

Amino acid substitution

Missense

29

One base pair substitution

Point mutation

30

Shift in translational reading frame

Frameshift mutation