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Flashcards in Finals: Urinary System Deck (28)
0

The glomerulus & bowman's capsule comprise what structure

Renal corpuscle

1

The afferent arteriole ends in what structure

Glomerulus

2

A brush border is observed in what tubule

PCT

3

The kidney can be considered to have an endocrine function as it releases what substance

Erythropoietin

4

What arteries run along the base of the pyramid, off of which run the base of interlobular arteries

Arcuate

5

What do the JG cells of the afferent arteriole produce

Renin

6

Blood is filtered through what structure located between podocytes

Filtration slits

7

What structure contains tubules that look like proximal and DCT & is found in the cortex & medulla

Loop of Henle

8

The ureter is lined by what type of epithelium

Transitional epithelium

9

What structure includes the macula densa and JG cells

JG apparatus

10

What hormone regulates pressure by affecting the permeability for the DCT

Aldosterone

11

What cell whose foot processes touch the basal lamina of the glomerular capillaries

Podocytes

12

What artery runs between the medullary rays

Interlobular

13

What structure is located in the terminal portion of the DCT & is adjacent to the JG cells

Macula densa

14

The major calyx subdivides into

Minor calyx

15

What type of epithelium lines a minor calyx

Transitional epithelium

16

What is the name of the BV found in the medulla of the kidney that surround collecting tubules

Vasa recta

17

What tubule is concerned with active transport of sodium

PCT

18

What type of epithelium lines the distal part of the urethra

Stratified epithelium

19

Renal artery blood flows in what area

Interlobar

20

What BV surrounds the PCT & DCT

Peritubular capillary

21

Where are Herring bodies located

Neurohypophysis

22

CRH is involved in the control of what part of this gland

Adrenal cortex

23

Herring bodies contain either vasopressin or what other hormone

Oxytocin

24

The aging pigment lipofuschin typically accumulates in what part of the adrenal gland

Reticularis

25

What hormone acts on kidney tubules to increase sodium resorption & decrease potassium resorption

Aldosterone

26

Another hormone for epiphysis cerebri

Pineal gland

27

Lipid droplets are commonly observed in what part of the adrenal gland

Zona fasciculata